review

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Review

To reexamine judicially or administratively; a judicial reconsideration for purposes of correction, for example, the examination of a case by an appellate court.

A bill of review is a proceeding in Equity instituted for the purpose of reversing or correcting the prior judgment of the trial court after the judgment has become final.

review

n. the judicial consideration of a lower court judgment by an appellate court, determining if there were legal errors sufficient to require reversal. The process requires notice of appeal, obtaining a transcript of the trial or hearing at the trial level, obtaining all the pleadings and other documents filed in the original trial, preparation of briefs citing precedents and arguing that there was reversible error. Then the respondent (winner at the trial court) may file a responsive brief, and the appellant (the one appealing the decision) has the chance to file a brief in response to the respondent. The next step is oral argument (if allowed) before the appellate court. Appeals on procedural issues normally do not include oral argument. If the appellate court denies the appeal a rehearing may be requested, but is seldom granted. (See: reversible error, reversal, appeal, appellate court)

review

(Critical evaluation), noun account, analysis, appraisal, comment, commentary, critical article, critical discussion, criticism, critique, editorial, essay, exposition, report
Associated concepts: law review

review

(Official reexamination), noun investigation, judicial reconsideration, recapitulation, reconsideration, reinquiry, scrutiny, second examination, study, survey
Associated concepts: administrative review, judicial review, scope of review

review

verb abstract, analyze, brood over, check thorrughly, comment upon, contemplari, criticize, critique, describe, digest, epitomize, examine, explain, go over, inspect, inspicere, interpret, investigate, look over, make corrections, make improvements, mull over, notice critically, overlook, recapitulate, recheck, reconsider, rehearse, reiterate, remember, restate briefly, retell, retrace, revise, reword, run over, scrutinize, skim, study, sum up, summarize, survey, view retrospectively, weigh
See also: account, analysis, analyze, appeal, audit, canvass, capsule, care, censor, check, comment, compendium, consideration, contemplation, criticism, criticize, cross-questioning, deliberate, digest, diligence, discernment, discretion, discuss, evaluate, examination, examine, experiment, frisk, habeas corpus, hindsight, hornbook, indagation, inquest, inspection, investigate, judge, judgment, monitor, muse, narration, notice, observe, overlook, peruse, poll, ponder, probe, recall, recapitulate, recital, recollect, reconsider, reexamine, reiterate, remember, repeat, report, restatement, retrospect, revise, revision, scenario, scrutinize, scrutiny, study, summary, superintend, survey, synopsis, test, trial, watch

REVIEW, practice. A second examination of a matter. For example, by the laws of Pennsylvania, the courts having jurisdiction of the subject may grant an order for a view of a proposed road; the viewers make a report, which when confirmed by the court would authorize the laying out of the same. After this, by statutory provision, the parties may apply for a review, or second examination; and the last viewers may make a different report. For the practice of reviews in chancery, the reader is referred to Bill of Review, and the cases there cited.

References in classic literature ?
Smith's volume on the Berkshire Hills, these gentlemen, both reserved in nature, though near neighbours and often in the same company, were inclined to be shy of each other, partly, perhaps, through the knowledge that Melville had written a very appreciative review of 'Mosses from an Old Manse' for the New York Literary World, edited by their mutual friends, the Duyckincks.
The author who, after the fashion of "The North American Review," should be upon all occasions merely "quiet," must necessarily upon many occasions be simply silly, or stupid; and has no more right to be considered "easy" or "natural" than a Cockney exquisite, or than the sleeping Beauty in the waxworks.
The box was full of things he had been waiting for impatiently; a new volume of Herbert Spencer, another collection of the prolific Alphonse Daudet's brilliant tales, and a novel called "Middlemarch," as to which there had lately been interesting things said in the reviews.
After reading his letters, he leans back in his corner of the carriage and generally reviews his importance to society.
And if I may judge from the reviews, many of these books are well and carefully written; much thought has gone to their composition; to some even has been given the anxious labour of a lifetime.
At such moments one reviews the past and plans for the future.
She is patroness of half a dozen great charitable schemes, she writes very clever articles in the Reviews on the Betterment of the Poor Question, and royalty itself visits at her house.
He has been translator to a publishing house--declared incapable by envious newspapers and reviews.
But he is paid by the government to do work, to mount guard and show off at reviews.
He had the ethical bee in his bonnet and was a reformer of no mean pretension, though his work had been mainly in the line of contributions to the heavier reviews and quarterlies and to the publication over his name of brightly, cleverly written books on the working classes and the slum-dwellers.
As soon as the ignoramuses came to understand as much as the director of the observatory himself knew, they began to worry themselves regarding her revolution round the earth, whereupon twenty scientific reviews immediately came to the rescue.
In the later eighteenth century there had been some periodicals devoted to literary criticism, but they were mere unauthoritative booksellers' organs, and it was left for the new reviews to inaugurate literary journalism of the modern serious type.