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Related to ricinoleic acid: castor oil
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The oil was found to possess much potential to produce dehydrated castor oil due to the presence of ricinoleic acid (84%) (Fig.
Ricinoleic acid has been shown to have antibacterial properties against gram positive bacteria (Novak et al.
The physical state shows us that the liquid oil possesses a light yellow coloring and is soluble in ethanol and chloroform, due to the OH group present in the ricinoleic acid.
It consists of ~85-95% ricinoleic acid (12-hydroxy-9-cis-octadecenoic acid) which has one hydroxyl group per mole.
1] corresponds to valent fluctuations of hydroxyl group's [upsilon] (OH) of ricinoleic acid which also allows distinguishing it from other fat acids, and also castor acid itself from other natural substances.
Dienes such as 4,7-heptadiene, (9) 3,6-nonadiene, (10) and 2,5-undecadiene, (11) as well as methyl and ethyl esters of the unsaturated fatty acids linoleic, linolenic, and ricinoleic acid, (12-15) have been used as model compounds for alkyd resin precursors.
The objective of this study was to determine the inheritance of the high oleic/low ricinoleic acid content of the castor mutant line OLE-1.
One bacterium, a Pseudomonas aeruginosa strain called PR3, is the driving force behind a bioconversion process to produce DOD from oleic acid in soybean oil and TOD--7,10,12-trihydroxy-8(E)-octadecenoic acid--from ricinoleic acid in castor oil.
Oils rich in oleic acid are preferred for cooking, while stearic acid is a raw material for soaps and detergents, and ricinoleic acid is valuable for industrial lubricants.