(redirected from roadworthiness)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
See: access, admission, admittance, avenue, causeway, channel, course, entry, way

ROAD. A passage through the country for the use of the people. 3 Yeates, 421.
     2. Roads are public or private. Public roads are laid out by public authority, or dedicated by individuals to public use. The public have the use of such roads, but the owner of the land over which they are made and the owners of land bounded on the highway, have, prima facie, a fee in such highway, ad medium filum vice, subject to the easement in favor of the public. 1 Conn. 193; 11 Conn. 60; 2 John. 357 15 John. 447. But where the boundary excludes the highway, it is, of course, excluded. 11 Pick. 193. See 13 Mass. 259. The proprietor of the soil, is therefore entitled to all the fruits which grow by its side; 16 Mass. 366, 7; and to all the mineral wealth it contains. 1 Rolle, 392, 1. 5; 4 Day, R. 328; 1 Conn'. Rep, 103; 6 Mass. R. 454; 4 Mass, R. 427; 15 Johns. Rep. 447, 583; 2 Johns. R. 357; Com. Dig. Chimin, A 2; 6 Pet. 498; 1 Sumn. 21; 10 Pet. 25; 6 Pick. 57; 6 Mass. 454; 12 Wend. 98.
     3. There are public roads, such as turnpikes and railroads, which are constructed by public authority, or by corporations. These are kept in good order by the respective companies to which they belong, and persons travelling on them, with animals and vehicles, are required to pay toll. In general these companies have only a right of passage over the land, which remains the property, subject to the easement, of the owner at the time the road was made or of his heirs or assigns.
     4. Private roads are, such as are used for private individuals only, and are not wanted for the public generally. Sometimes roads of this kind are wanted for the accommodation of land otherwise enclosed and without access to public roads. The soil of such roads belongs to the owner of the land over which they are made.
     5. Public roads are kept in repair at the public expense, and private roads by those who use them. Vide Domain; Way. 13 Mass. 256; 1 Sumn. Rep. 21; 2 Hill. Ab. c. 7; 1 Pick. R. 122; 2 Mass. R. 127 6 Mass. R. 454; 4 Mass. R. 427; 15 Mass. Rep. 33; 3 Rawle, R. 495; 1 N. H. Rep. 16; 1 McCord, R. 67; 1 Conn. R. 103; 2 John. R. 357; 1 John. Rep. 447; 15 John. R. 483; 4 Day, Rep. 330; 2 Bailey, Rep. 271; 1 Burr. 133; 7 B. & Cr. 304; 11 Price R. 736; 7 Taunt. R. 39; Str. 1004. 1 Shepl. R. 250; 5 Conn. Rep. 528; 8 Pick. R. 473; Crabb, R. P. Sec. 102-104.

ROAD, mar. law. A road is defined by Lord Hale to be an open passage of the sea, which, from the situation of the adjacent land, and its own depth and wideness, affords a secure place for the common riding and anchoring of vessels. Hale de Port. Mar. p. 2, c. 2. This word, however, does not appear to have a very definite meaning. 2 Chit. Com. Law, 4, 5.

References in periodicals archive ?
One of the other major contributors to the high rate of accidents was the roadworthiness of vehicles, and in particular, the poor condition of tyres.
Road-Ready Certified is a nationally recognized, independent quality assurance inspection program that verifies the overall condition and roadworthiness of classic vehicles.
As a result of serious defects, VOSA officers issued two immediate roadworthiness prohibition notices.
THE RETAIL Motor Industry Federation (RMI) has warned a strengthening of European Union (EU) minimum roadworthiness test standards could widen tests carried out under the UK's MOT.
HAS the person at Coventry City Council responsible for roadworthiness been living abroad for the past couple of years?
Were they properly maintained and regularly inspected for roadworthiness or was the servicing of the trucks left to the 19-year-old conscript drivers who are usually responsible for the vehicles?
They also delivered an upbeat bulletin on his current roadworthiness but know only too well they must oversee day-today monitoring of the knee injury that will finish Flintoff's Test career at the end of the series.
Most countries have an annual roadworthiness test that a car must pass before it is allowed to proceed on the next little chapter of its automotive life.
Bahrain, Oman, Qatar, Kuwait and Saudi all have vehicle emission control regulations in place and vehicles require a roadworthiness test every three years.
Regrettably the operational safety record of many of these vehicles gives cause for concern in terms of their roadworthiness, overloading and the hours worked by their drivers.
As it is a roadworthiness issue, you should also contact the Vehicle and Operator Services Agency (0117 957 3300) for advice.
An unlicensed driver will not have undergone checks and if a vehicle is not licensed it will not have been tested by the council for safety or roadworthiness.