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Related to saturated fatty acid: polyunsaturated fatty acid, monounsaturated fatty acid
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Professor Nick Wareham, chief co-ordinator of the InterAct project to identify genetic and lifestyle diabetes risk factors, said: "With the world's largest study of its kind, we can place a lot of confidence in these findings, which help us to better understand the relationships between saturated fatty acids and risk of developing diabetes.
Total long chain saturated fatty acids (%) (TLCF) = % Arachidic acid + % Behenic acid + % Lignoceric acid
The ratio of total polyunsaturated fatty acids to saturated fatty acids (PS ratio) was significantly higher (P <0.
An intermediate length saturated fatty acid, lauric acid (12:0), which appears in a few oils, such as coconut oil, also is clearly associated with elevations of the serum cholesterol concentration.
When saturated fatty acids in the sn-1 or sn-3 position are freed during digestion and bind with minerals, not only does this reduce the amount of available minerals such as calcium, the resultant fatty acid-calcium soaps accumulate in the faeces, resulting in harder stools that may lead to constipation or obstruction.
Lower proportions of polyunsaturated fatty acids (12% and 9%) compared with monounsaturated (44% and 45%) and saturated fatty acids (32% and 34%) were present in eggs of conditioned and wild caught broodstock respectively.
Nor do they understand why saturated fatty acids raise cholesterol.
Foods of animal origin lean towards the saturated fatty acids, while plant origin foods lean towards the unsaturated types.
She adds that varieties have been developed that have oils with total saturated fatty acid composition as low as 6.
However, for positive benefits of Omega 7, palmitoleic acid (Omega 7) has to be purified from the saturated fatty acid, palmitic acid, which is always conjoined with palmitoleic acid (Omega 7) in its original source.
There are chapters on the links between saturated fatty acid intake, obesity, coronary heart disease, diabetes and cancer, as well as the health benefits of monounsaturated fats, polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) and conjugated linoleic acids (CLAs).