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SEAMAN. A sailor; a mariner; one whose business is navigation. 2 Boulay Paty, Dr. Com. 232; Code de Commerce art. 262; Laws of Oleron, art. 7; Laws of Wishuy, art. 19. The term seamen, in it most enlarged sense, includes the captain a well as other persons of the crew; in a more confined signification, it extends only to the common sailors; 3 Pardes. n. 667; the mate; 1 Pet. Adm. Dee. 246; the cook and steward; 2 Id. 268; are considered, as to their rights to sue in the admiralty, as common seamen; and persons employed on board of steamboats and lighters, engaged in trade or commerce, on tide water, are within the admiralty jurisdiction, while those employed in ferry boats are not. Gilp. R. 203, 532. Persons who do not contribute their aid in navigating the vessel or to its preservation in the course of their occupation, as musicians, are not to be considered as seamen with a right to sue in the admiralty for their wages. Gilp. R. 516, See 1 Bell's Com. 509, 5th ed.; 2 Rob. Adm. R. 232; Dunl. Adm. Pr. h.t.
     2. Seamen are employed either in merchant vessels for private service, or in public vessels for the service of the United States.
     3.-1. Seamen in the merchant vessels are required to enter into a contract in writing commonly called shipping articles. (q.v.) This contract being entered into, they are bound under. severe penalties, to render themselves on board the vessel according to the agreement: they are not at liberty to leave the ship without the consent of the captain or commanding officer, and for such absence, when less than forty-eight hours, they forfeit three day's wages for every day of absence; and when the absence is more than forty-eight hours, at one time, they forfeit all the wages due to them, and all their goods and chattels which were on board the vessel, or in any store where they may have been lodged at the time of their desertion, to the use of the owners of the vessel, and they are liable for damages for hiring other hands. They may be imprisoned for desertion until the ship is ready to bail.
     4. On board, a seaman is bound to do his duty to the utmost of his ability; and when his services are required for extraordinary exertions, either in consequence of the death of other seamen, Or on account of unforeseen perils, he is not entitled to an increase of wages, although it may have been promised to him. 2 Campb. 317; Peake's N. P. Rep. 72; 1 T. R. 73. For disobedience of orders he may be imprisoned or punished with stripes, but the correction (q.v.) must be reasonable; 4 Mason, 508; Bee, 161; 2 Day, 294; 1 Wash. C. C. R. 316; and, for just cause, may be put ashore in a foreign country. 1 Pet. Adm. R. 186; 2 Ibid. 268; 2 East, Rep. 145. By act of Congress, September 28, 1850, Minot's Stat. at Large, U. S. p. 515, it is provided, that flogging in the navy and on board vessels of commerce, be, and the same is hereby abolished from and after the passage of this act.
     5. Seamen are entitled to their wages, of which one-third is due at every port at which the vessel shall unlade and deliver her cargo, before the voyage be ended; and at the end of the voyage an easy and speedy remedy is given them to recover all unpaid wages. When taken sick a seaman is entitled to medical advice and aid at the expense of the ship: such expense being considered in, the nature of additional wages, and as constituting a just remuneration for his labor and services. Gilp. 435, 447; 2 Mason, 541; 2 Mass. R. 541.
     6. The right of seamen to wages is founded not in the shipping articles, but in the services performed; Bee, 395; and to recover such wages the seaman has a triple remedy, against the vessel, the owner, and the master. Gilp. 592; Bee, 254.
     7. When destitute in foreign ports, American consuls and commercial agents are required to provide for them, and for their passages to some port of the United States, in a reasonable manner, at the expense of the United States; and American vessels are bound to take such seamen on board at the request of the consul, but not exceeding two men for every hundred tons of the ship, and transport them to the United States, on such terms, not exceeding ten dollars for each person, as may be agreed on. Vide, generally, Story's Laws U. S. Index, h.t.; 3 Kent, Com, 136 to 156; Marsh. Ins. 90; Poth. Mar. Contr. translated by Cushing, Index, h.t.; 2 Bro. Civ. and Adm. Law, 155.
     8.-2. Seamen in the public service are governed by particular laws.

References in periodicals archive ?
We have purchased the rights for Shipyard and Sea Dog brands back from Brown Distributing in all territories except for the area they cover in Palm Beach County," said Fred Forsley, president of these two brewing companies.
Funniest Picture was of sea dog Sandy, dapper Gizmo was Best Lookalike as Bruce Forsyth, and the Best Video featured posh pup Becks in the pool.
to purchase Spirit Cruises, Odyssey Cruises, Mystic Blue, and Sea Dog in a deal valued at more than $100 million.
She's a bit of a salty sea dog and loves the beach - shame we live 100 miles away from the sea, but it's an excuse to get away.
With this old sea dog at the helm, the Internet Governance Forum is sure to navigate the UN into a position of ever-increasing cyberspace dominance.
Whether ye be a landlubbin' pencil-pusher or a true salty sea dog, Pirate Jesus, with his parrot, patch, and lopsided grin, is concerned for your salvation.
One of these all-but-unknowns was Captain John Ross, a complex and stubborn sea dog who sailed farther into the unknown than anyone else, discovered the north magnetic pole, and befriended the Inuit.
Lieutenant Commander Oistein Jensen, the captain of the Norwegian submarine Utvaer, and Vigdis Hafto, the youngest child of Bamse's owner, paid tribute to the Norwegian sea dog at his graveside.
99) have made her one of this year's favorite lesbian icons, but it's really Johnny Depp who waltzes away with the latter movie thanks to his openly fey performance as a heroically mincing sea dog.
But for all its obvious flaws, Pirates Of The Caribbean: The Curse Of The Black Pearl is buoyed by a sensational lead performance by Johnny Depp, whose salty sea dog is a deliciously camp, tongue-in-cheek amalgam of Steve Tyler from Aerosmith and Keith Richards from The Rolling Stones.
I felt precariously balanced between my old life in New Orleans and the first rung of another with Isadora, if she would still have an old, broken-down sea dog like me.
The Sea Dog Brewing Company is engaged in installing a 20-barrel brewhouse at the Sea Dog Brew Pub in Clearwater, Florida.