Selective Service System

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Selective Service System

The Selective Service System is responsible for supplying U.S. armed forces with people in the event of a national emergency. It is an independent agency of the federal government's Executive Branch.

The agency was established in its first form in 1917 and is authorized by the Military Selective Service Act (50 U.S.C.A. app. 451–471a). This act, as amended, requires male citizens of the United States, and all other male persons who are in the United States and who are between the ages of eighteen and a half and twenty-six, to register for possible military service. It exempts active members of the armed forces, personnel of foreign embassies and consulates, and nonimmigrant Aliens.All registrants between the ages of eighteen and a half and twenty-six, except those who are deferred, are liable for training and service in the armed forces should Congress decide to conscript registrants. Those who have received a deferral are liable for training and service until age thirty-five. Aliens are not liable for training and service until they have remained in the United States for more than one year. In the event of the Conscription of registrants into the armed forces, conscientious objectors are required to do civilian work in place of conscription.

In 1980 President jimmy carter issued a proclamation (Proclamation 4771, July 2, 1980) requiring all males who were born after January 1, 1960, and who have attained age eighteen, to register with the Selective Service. Registration is conducted at U.S. post offices and at U.S. embassies and consulates outside the United States. The Selective Service maintains several field offices in addition to its headquarters in Arlington, Virginia.

Cross-references

Armed Services; Solomon Amendment.

References in periodicals archive ?
Although Selective Service Bulletin 10 had been provided to the membership in Release 14, uncertainties still remained concerning the status of accountants.
Additional research into state laws regarding Selective Service reveals that some states have passed laws in an attempt to increase their compliance rate.
The CO, by my theory, is best handled if no one hears of him," General Lewis Hershey, Selective Service director, told the Senate Military Affairs Committee in 1943.
However, due to lower than expected enlistments, Wilson requested that Congress pass a Selective Service Act for World War I requiring all males aged 21 to 30 to register with their local draft board.
As in the old Selective Service draft, some draftees might choose military service, and others might be assigned military service rather than some other service area such as teaching or social work in urban slums or rural areas.
As discussed in the popular press, Vice President Dick Cheney's first daughter, Elizabeth, was born 9 mo 2 d after the Selective Service System announced that childless married men were to be drafted (Boston Globe 2000; Slate Chatterbox 2004).
46) The statute that governed the draft during World War I--the Selective Service Act of 1917--differed substantially from preceding law in that it did not allow for personal substitution, though it did allow deferments for essential work.
The biggest problem came from those whose citizenship had not been verified, followed by those who had not registered with Selective Service, auditors found.
One vote saved the Selective Service one day before Pearl Harbor in 1945;
He does, however, illustrate how the Camden action followed in the wake of several Selective Service raids, most famously by the Berrigan brothers and the rest of the Catonsville Nine.
He also is director of Selective Service in New Hampshire.
A sure way to find out if there is patriotic support for the Iraqi war would be to reinstate a Selective Service draft in the United States.

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