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In a study designed to evaluate the clinical relevance of inflammatory cytokines, such as TNF-[alpha] and IL-1[beta] in seminal plasma of infertile men, the levels of these cytokines correlated significantly with leukocyte counts (45).
The author suggested that main compounds responsible for antioxidant potential of the seminal plasma are L-glutathione, L-ergothioneine and L-ascorbic acid.
Seminal plasma was obtained by centrifugation of the semen sample at 10 000g for 10 min.
Effect of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation on semen profile and enzymatic anti-oxidant capacity of seminal plasma in infertile men with idiopathic oligoasthenoteratospermia: a double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomised study.
Seminal plasma promotes the expression of tumorigenic and angiogenic genes in cervical adenocarcinoma cells via the E-series prostanoid 4 receptor.
Two factors protect spermatozoa DNA from oxidative stress: the characteristic tight packaging of sperm DNA and the antioxidants in seminal plasma (45).
Seminal plasma (semen) is composed of spermatozoa and glandular fluids and is produced by the primary organ of the male reproductive system, the testes and the accessory sex glands.
In recent years, dramatic advances in virological methods have led to efficient detection of HIV nucleic acid (RNA and proviral DNA) in seminal plasma and sperm cells.
HIV RNA levels in seminal plasma and cervicolavage fluids, however, were not significantly different between PHI and control patients.