sentence


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Acronyms, Idioms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to sentence: sentence structure, simple sentence

sentence

1) n. the punishment given to a person convicted of a crime. A sentence is ordered by the judge, based on the verdict of the jury (or the judge's verdict if there was no jury) within the possible punishments set by state law (or Federal law in convictions for a Federal crime). Popularly, "sentence" refers to the jail or prison time ordered after conviction, as in "his sentence was 10 years in state prison." Technically, a sentence includes all fines, community service, restitution or other punishment, or terms of probation. Defendants who are first offenders without a felony record may be entitled to a probation or pre-sentence report by a probation officer based on background information and circumstances of the crime, often resulting in a recommendation as to probation and amount of punishment. For misdemeanors (lesser crimes) the maximum sentence is usually one year in county jail, but for felonies (major crimes) the sentence can range from a year to the death penalty for murder in most states. Under some circumstances the defendant may receive a "suspended sentence" which means the punishment is not imposed if the defendant does not get into other trouble for the period he/she would have spent in jail or prison, "concurrent sentences" in which the prison time for more than one crime is served at the same time and only lasts as long as the longest term, "consecutive sentences," in which the terms for several crimes are served one after another, and "indeterminate" sentences in which the actual release date is not set and will be based on review of prison conduct. (See: concurrent sentence, suspended sentence, indeterminate sentence, restitution, death penalty)

sentence

noun adjudication, award of punishment, censure, conviction, decision, declaration of penalty, decree of punishment, decretum, determination, determined punnshment, doom, edict, formally pronounced judgment, order of penalty, order of the court, penalty, prescribed punishment, pronouncement, punishment, ruling, verdict
Associated concepts: concurrent sentences, consecutive sentences, cumulative sentences, excessive sentence, indeeerminative sentence, life sentence, presentence hearing, suspended sentence

sentence

verb adjudge, bring in a verdict, commit, condemn, condemnare, convict, damnare, decide, declare guilty of an offense, decree, determine, find, find guilty, hold, immure, impose penalty, imprison, inflict penalty, order, pass judgment upon, prescribe punishment, prooounce guilty, pronounce judgment, proscribe, reprobate
Associated concepts: presentence report
See also: adjudge, adjudication, clause, condemn, condemnation, convict, conviction, decide, decree, determination, discipline, finding, finding of guilt, holding, judge, judgment, opinion, penalize, penalty, punish, punishment, ruling, verdict

SENTENCE. A judgment, or judicial declaration made by a judge in a cause. The term judgment is more usually applied to civil, and sentence to criminal proceedings.
     2. Sentences are final, when they put, an end to the case; or interlocutory, when they settle only some incidental matter which has arisen in the course of its progress. Vide Aso & Man. Inst. B. 3, t. 8, c. 1.

References in classic literature ?
From it he derived strength to endure the torture, and to bear his sentence without flinching.
When such personages could constitute a part of the spectacle, without risking the majesty, or reverence of rank and office, it was safely to be inferred that the infliction of a legal sentence would have an earnest and effectual meaning.
Miss Dunross wrote the words, and paused in anticipation of the next sentence.
As I reached the end of the sentence, I heard a faint cry from Miss Dunross.
Now read the following sentences: 1a) The company hasbought new cars (active sentence in the perfect tense) 1b) New cars have 'been' bought by the company (passive sentence in the perfect tense).
The proposed system normalizes all input sentences having the same meaning to just one sentence.
ISLAMABAD -- The Supreme Court on Monday converted the death sentences of two accused into life imprisonment and directed the Lahore High Court (LHC) to announce detail verdict regarding sentence of an accused.
Further new sentencing options will be added in 2017/18, allowing the abolition of suspended sentences to begin, starting with serious violence, sex and drug trafficking offences and also preventing the nonsensical situation of people charged with breaching a suspended sentence receiving another.
would have received a sentence of between twelve and sixteen years.
District courts now may sentence based on their own policy views instead of being bound by the policy determinations rendered by the Commission.
The report also urges sentencing changes on immigration crimes, such as illegal immigration--focusing on past convictions as reasons for a higher sentence.
In an article analyzing the Booker opinion shortly after it was issued, for example, one commentator explained that the Supreme Court's mandate for substantive review of criminal sentences "takes the federal system into uncharted waters" because "[n]o state system has ever conjoined meaningful sentence review with voluntary guidelines.