sentence

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sentence

1) n. the punishment given to a person convicted of a crime. A sentence is ordered by the judge, based on the verdict of the jury (or the judge's verdict if there was no jury) within the possible punishments set by state law (or Federal law in convictions for a Federal crime). Popularly, "sentence" refers to the jail or prison time ordered after conviction, as in "his sentence was 10 years in state prison." Technically, a sentence includes all fines, community service, restitution or other punishment, or terms of probation. Defendants who are first offenders without a felony record may be entitled to a probation or pre-sentence report by a probation officer based on background information and circumstances of the crime, often resulting in a recommendation as to probation and amount of punishment. For misdemeanors (lesser crimes) the maximum sentence is usually one year in county jail, but for felonies (major crimes) the sentence can range from a year to the death penalty for murder in most states. Under some circumstances the defendant may receive a "suspended sentence" which means the punishment is not imposed if the defendant does not get into other trouble for the period he/she would have spent in jail or prison, "concurrent sentences" in which the prison time for more than one crime is served at the same time and only lasts as long as the longest term, "consecutive sentences," in which the terms for several crimes are served one after another, and "indeterminate" sentences in which the actual release date is not set and will be based on review of prison conduct. (See: concurrent sentence, suspended sentence, indeterminate sentence, restitution, death penalty)

sentence

noun adjudication, award of punishment, censure, conviction, decision, declaration of penalty, decree of punishment, decretum, determination, determined punnshment, doom, edict, formally pronounced judgment, order of penalty, order of the court, penalty, prescribed punishment, pronouncement, punishment, ruling, verdict
Associated concepts: concurrent sentences, consecutive sentences, cumulative sentences, excessive sentence, indeeerminative sentence, life sentence, presentence hearing, suspended sentence

sentence

verb adjudge, bring in a verdict, commit, condemn, condemnare, convict, damnare, decide, declare guilty of an offense, decree, determine, find, find guilty, hold, immure, impose penalty, imprison, inflict penalty, order, pass judgment upon, prescribe punishment, prooounce guilty, pronounce judgment, proscribe, reprobate
Associated concepts: presentence report
See also: adjudge, adjudication, clause, condemn, condemnation, convict, conviction, decide, decree, determination, discipline, finding, finding of guilt, holding, judge, judgment, opinion, penalize, penalty, punish, punishment, ruling, verdict

SENTENCE. A judgment, or judicial declaration made by a judge in a cause. The term judgment is more usually applied to civil, and sentence to criminal proceedings.
     2. Sentences are final, when they put, an end to the case; or interlocutory, when they settle only some incidental matter which has arisen in the course of its progress. Vide Aso & Man. Inst. B. 3, t. 8, c. 1.

References in periodicals archive ?
I am not sure Moshavi could have approached the issue any differently, so it is certainly not an indictment of her scholarly work as much as an observation of an inherent problem with assessing the pragmatics of sentential word order in ancient texts.
Speech bubbles or text worlds are a notion we developed from Werth (1999), an attempt to construct a version of the then existing Mental Spaces Theory that could account more satisfactorily for the macrolinguistic (going de facto beyond the mere sentential level of analysis) tier of meaning construction in discourse.
So, qualifications are inserted next to the word they qualify, which may result in clumsy and convoluted sentence construction and consequently contribute to sentential complexity.
According to the Atlantic Sentential, this will be Aoa measly three month extension of the settlement moratorium that originally expired in late September.
According to the Atlantic Sentential, this will be "a measly three month extension of the settlement moratorium that originally expired in late September.
He introduces the symbolic logic most courses and texts emphasize, but also other areas of logic, such as sentential and predicate logic, probability and inductive logic, inference to the best explanation, and topics in informal logic such as fallacy detection and learning how to penetrate the fog of political rhetoric and spin.
For sentential paraphrases, the feature of "different words" seems to be too restrictive, although not impossible.
The present study aims at identifying the most frequent syntactic errors at the sentential level; and how immature or vague conceptualization manifests itself in the grammar-meaning relationship as reflected in the subjects' errors.
As is well-known, Old and Early Middle English predicates may subcategorize for a dative object, and a sentential complement, as in (4):
The terminal rhyme words epitomize a scheme where verbal units--words, word phrases, and even sentential units--are handled primarily as prosodic rather than semantic elements, with grammar therefore emerging as a formal rather than a logical structure.
In the experimental study of news comprehension, we found the theoretical assertion that comprehension integrates three distinguishable subprocesses (verbal, sentential, and textual comprehension) to be important (Pisoni-Remez [2005] in Gosy 2005, 172).
Updating is defined as a special sentence production mode that efficiently revises or augments existing sentential structure in response to modifications in the speaker's communicative intention.