servants


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SERVANTS, (negro or mulatto,) Pennsylvania. By the fourth section of the act for the gradual abolition of slavery, passed the first day of March, 1780, 1 Smith's Laws of Penn. 492, it is "provided that every negro or mulatto child, born within this state after the passing of this act, (who would in case this act had not been made, have been a servant for years, or life, or a slave) shall be by virtue of this act the servant of such person, or his assigns who would in such case have been entitled to the service of such child, until such child attain unto the age of twenty-eight years, in the manner and on the conditions, whereon servants bound by indenture for four years are or may be retained or holden; and shall be liable to like correction and punishment, and entitled to like relief, in case he be evilly treated by his master, and to like freedom dues and privileges, as servants bound by indenture for four years are entitled, unless the person to whom such services belong shall abandon his claim to the same; in which case the overseers of the poor where such child shall be abandoned shall by indenture bind out every such child so abandoned as an apprentice for a time not exceeding the age hereinbefore limited for the service of such children." And by the thirteenth section it is enacted, "that no covenant of personal servitude or apprenticeship whatsoever shall be valid or binding on a negro or mulatto for a longer time than seven years, unless such servant or apprentice were at the commencement of such servitude or apprenticeship, under the age of twenty-one years, in which case such negro or mulatto may be holden as a servant or apprentice, respectively, according to the covenant, as the case shall be, until he shall attain the age of twenty- eight years, but no longer." See 6 Binn. 204; 1 Browne's R. 369, n.
     2. The act requires that a register of such children as would have been slaves shall be kept by a public officer therein designated. The want of registry entitles such child to freedom.

SERVANTS. In Louisiana they are divided into free servants and slaves. See Slaves; Slavery.
     2. Free servants are, in general, all free persons who let, hire, or engage their services to another in the state, to be employed therein at any work, commerce, or occupation whatever, for the benefit of him who has contracted with them, for a certain sum or retribution, or upon certain conditions.
     3. There are three kinds of free servants in the state, to wit:
     4.-1. Those who only hire out their services by the day, week, month, or year, in consideration of certain wages.
     5.-2. Those who engage to serve for a fixed time for a certain consideration, and who are therefore considered not as having hired out, but as having sold their services.
     6.-3. Apprentices that is, those who engage to serve any one, in order to learn some art, trade, or profession. Civ. Code of Lo. art. 155, 156, 157.

SERVANTS, menial. Domestics those who receive wages, and who are lodged and fed in the house of another, and who are employed in his services. Such servants are not particularly recognized by law. They are called menial servants, or domestics, from living infra moenia, within the walls of the house. 1 Bl. Com. 324; Wood's Inst. 53; 1 Sw. Syst. 218. The right of the master to their services in every respect is grounded on the contract between them. 2. Laborers, or persons hired by the day's work, or any longer time, are not considered servants. 1 Sw. Syst. 218; 5 Binn. 167; 3 Serg. & Rawle, 351. Vide 12 Ves. 114; 2 Vern. 546; 16 Ves. 486; 1 Rop. on Leg. 121; 3 Deac. & Chit. 332; 1 Mont. & Bligh. 413; 2 Mart. N. S. 652; Poth. Proc. Civ. sect. 2, art. 5, Sec. 5; Poth. Ob. n. 710, 828, French ed.; 9 Toull. n. 314; Domestic; Operative.

References in classic literature ?
Mind this, every one of you, servant or no servant, I fold all the linen mysel.
The small servant needed no second bidding, and the plate was soon empty.
The proudest title of all popes is 'Servant of the Servants of God'.
If we are going to be servant-leaders, we need to start by being servants.
For most of my career, I viewed myself and my colleagues as professionals providing a service, but never really as servants, until I met a young Tibetan woman, named Namgal.
There is little to criticize in this excellent new book on domestic servants in eighteenth-century Britain, so this review will mainly have a descriptive function.
Sponsors of house-servants should also play their part in this matter, said the official, adding that they would be held liable in the case of preventing such servants from leaving the country within such conditions.
Richardson, Household Servants in Early Modern England, Manchester University Press, 2010, pp.
In truth, civil servants were active agents in the process of change brought about as a result of the revolution, and Irish civil servants in Dublin Castle departments were not resigned to accepting whatever political decisions were made during this tumultuous period.
21, 2010 (CENS)--Between 1,000 and 2,000 central-government civil servants are expected to accept favorable retirement in 2011 in line with governmental organizational restructuring that is to be implemented starting Jan.
However anyone visiting a country house is quickly made aware of the importance of servants without whom these large dwellings could never have functioned.