Somnambulism

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SOMNAMBULISM, med. juris. Sleep walking.
     2. This is sometimes an inferior species of insanity, the patient being unconscious of what he is doing. A case is mentioned of a monk who was remarkable for simplicity, candor and probity, while awake, but who during his sleep in the night, would steal, rob, and even plunder the dead. Another case is related of a pious clergyman, who during his sleep, would plunder even his own church. And a case occurred in Maine, where the somnambulist attempted to hang himself, but fortunately tied the rope to his feet, instead of his neck. Ray. Med. Jur. Sec. 294.
     3. It is evident, that if an act should be done by a sleep walker, while totally unconscious of his act, he would not be liable to punishment, because the intention (q.v.) and will (q.v.) would be wanting. Take, for example, the following singular case: A monk late one evening, in the presence of the prior of the convent, while in a state of somnambulism, entered the room of the prior, his eyes open but fixed, his features contracted into a frown, and with a knife in his hand. He walked straight up to the bed, as if to ascertain if the prior were there, and then gave three stabs, which penetrated the bed clothes, and a mat which served for the purpose of a mattress; he returned. with an air of satisfaction, and his features relaxed. On being questioned the next day by the prior as to what he had dreamed the preceding night, the monk confessed he had dreamed that his mother had been murdered by the prior, and that her spirit had appeared to him and cried for vengeance, that he was transported with fury at the sight, and ran directly to stab the assassin; that shortly after be awoke covered with perspiration, and rejoiced to find it was only a dream. Georget, Des Maladies Mentales, 127.
     4. A similar case occurred in England, in the last century. Two persons, who had been hunting in the day, slept together at night; one of them was renewing the chase in his dream, and, imagining himself present at the death of the stag, cried out aloud, "I'll kill him! I'll kill him!" The other, awakened by the noise, got out of bed, and, by the light of the moon, saw the sleeper give several deadly stabs, with a knife, on the part of the bed his companion had just quitted. Harvey's Meditations on the Night, note 35; Guy, Med. Jur. 265.

References in periodicals archive ?
Prosecutor Katherine Dunn told Newcastle Crown Court: "The defendant had pleaded not guilty and had stated he was relying on a sleepwalking expert to support his defence he was asleep when he committed the offence.
It would be very interesting to get more details (obviously without violating the congressman's privacy) on the circumstances leading to the accident, for example sleep debt, other medications, history of previous sleepwalking or family history of sleep disorders.
Gwyn Lewis, defending, said: "It is obviously a very unusual case, with Mr Clegg, being a sleepwalker, and sleepwalking at the time.
I don't know what has happened and assumptions that he was sleepwalking are baseless," he said.
They have no recollection of their sleepwalking actions, so unless they are awakened by someone else, some sleep disorders can go unnoticed for years.
But a judge found him not guilty of sexual assault when he heard two experts agreed Mr Ball was sleepwalking at the time and did not know what he was doing.
The incident happened when Mark, 44, got into bed with the woman, who was a guest in his house, while he was sleepwalking.
A friend of Hind added: "He says the only explanation is that he was sleepwalking.
Michael Robinson had been troubled by sleepwalking all his life.
Sleepwalking Land, Mia Couto's first novel, explores the relationship between the oral tradition and the written word, truth and fiction, memory and invention.
A brief discussion of problems such as bedwetting, night terrors, or sleepwalking rounds out this straightforward, problem-solving guide, which points parents to a list of resources for further reading as needed.
This finding undermines an old hypothesis that a migrating bird can fly with only half its brain awake or maybe does some version of sleepwalking on the wing, says Rattenborg.