Gerik JS (2005) Evaluation of soil fumigants
applied by drip irrigation for Liatris production.
Since their introduction, the soil fumigants
CP and MB have unquestionably contributed to the expansion of the berry industry.
Brief Report: Illness Associated with Drift of Chloropicrin Soil Fumigant
into a Residential Area--Kern County, California, 2003.
No methyl bromide or any other soil fumigant
was used in the study, since they have become too costly for many small growers and nonchemical and nonchemical alternatives are being sought.
Treatments that have shown promise as alternative soil fumigants
are Telone C-35 or InLine, an emulsified version that can be drip applied.
Hartwell Allen, an ARS soil scientist showed that this virtually impermeable film (VIF) can retain soil fumigants
at higher concentrations for longer periods than standard high-density polyethylene film currently used in vegetable and strawberry production.
With the phasing-out of methyl bromide, the most common and effective soil fumigant
, and the increasing tolerance of soil-borne pests to other synthetic soil fumigants
, mustard plants may find a place in the vegetable crop rotation.
But international agencies and workers in the valley paint a markedly different picture of the industry: Insecticides, herbicides, fungicides, and soil fumigants
used in the greenhouses are causing serious health problems for Ecuador's 60,000 rose workers--especially the women and children who sort and package the flowers prior to shipping.
US -- Plant researchers in Idaho and in Canberra, Australia have taken a leaf from old-fashioned crop rotation and found that natural pesticides formed in the roots of brassicas -- cabbage, mustard, canola -- act as natural soil fumigants
when the plants are plowed under.
Field tests are just getting under way to compare their crop-protection value against that offered by traditional rapes and commercial soil fumigants
In addition, produce is grown hydroponically, without the use of soil, eliminating the possibility for soil-borne contamination and the need for herbicides or soil fumigants
have been valuable, economically beneficial tools in protecting crops worldwide.