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Speakerin the constitutional law of the UK, an office as old as, or older than, the 14th century, the main duty of which is to preside over the HOUSE OF COMMONS. Now, the Speaker of the House of Commons is elected by the Commons but on the nomination of the party leaders after wide consultation with ordinary Members. It is a convention that the sovereign's consent is sought and given. The Speaker is usually re-elected in subsequent Parliaments. The Speaker liaises with the Queen and between the Commons and the Lords. See LORD CHANCELLOR.
SPEAKER. The presiding officer of the house of representatives of the United States is so called. The presiding officer of either branch of the state legislatures generally bears this name.