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Related to spinous process: transverse process, vertebral foramen


A series of actions, motions, or occurrences; a method, mode, or operation, whereby a result or effect is produced; normal or actual course of procedure; regular proceeding, as, the process of vegetation or decomposition; a chemical process; processes of nature.

In patent law, an art or method by which any particular result is produced. A definite combination of new or old elements, ingredients, operations, ways, or means to produce a new, improved, or old result, and any substantial change therein by omission, to the same or better result, or by modification or substitution, with different function, to the same or better result, is a new and patentable process.

In civil and criminal proceedings, any means used by a court to acquire or exercise its jurisdiction over a person or over specific property. A summons or summons and complaint; sometimes, a writ.


Service of Process.


n. in law, the legal means by which a person is required to appear in court or a defendant is given notice of a legal action against him/her/it. When a complaint in a lawsuit is filed, it must be served on each defendant together with a summons issued by the clerk of the court, stating the amount of time (say, 30 days) in which the defendant has to file an answer or other legal pleading with the clerk of the court and sent to the plaintiff. A subpena is a similar to a summons but is a notice to a witness to appear at a deposition (testimony taken outside court), or at a trial. A subpena duces tecum is an order to deliver documents or other evidence either into court or to the attorney for a party to a lawsuit or criminal prosecution. An order to show cause is a court order to appear in court and give a reason why the court should not issue an order (such as paying temporary child support). The summons, complaint, subpena, subpena duces tecum and order to show cause must all be "served" on the defendant or person required to appear or produce, and this is called "service of process." Service of process is usually made by an officer of the court such as a deputy sheriff or marshal, or a professional process server, but can be performed by others in most jurisdictions. (See: summons, subpena, order to show cause, process server, service of process)


(Course), noun action, conduct, continued movement, continuing development, handling, line of accion, manner, means, method, methodology, mode of oppration, operation, performance, plan, policy, procedure, progressive course, ratio, regular proceeding, ritual, scheme, series of measures, strategy, system, tactics, transaction, treatment, way, ways and means
Associated concepts: due process, judicial process


(Summons), noun authoritative citation to appear before a court, authoritative command, behest, bidding, citation, command, direction, instruction to appear, legal call, lis, official call, official notice, requirement to appear, signal by which one is summoned, subpoena, writ
Associated concepts: abuse of process, compulsory process, defective process, irregular process, return of process, service of process
See also: avenue, channel, conduit, course, expedient, instrumentality, manufacture, method, mode, modus operandi, operation, practice, procedure, proceeding, search warrant, step, subpoena, system, transaction, treatment, warrant

PROCESS, practice. So denominated because it proceeds or issues forth in order to bring the defendant into court, to answer the charge preferred against him, and signifies the writ or judicial means by which he is brought to answer. 1 Paine, R. 368 Bouv. Inst. Index, h.t.
     2. In the English law, process in civil causes is called original process, when it is founded upon the original writ; and also to distinguish it from mesne or intermediate process, which issues pending the suit, upon some collateral interlocutory matter, as, to summon juries, witnesses,, and the like; mesne process is also sometimes put in contradistinction to final process, or process of execution; and then it signifies all process which intervenes between the beginning and end of a suit. 3 Bl. Com. 279.
     3. In criminal cases that proceeding which is called a warrant, before the finding of the bill, is termed process when issued after the indictment has been found by the jury. Vide 4 Bl. Com. 319; Dalt. J. c. 193; Com. Dig. Process, A 1; Burn's Dig. Process; Williams, J, Process; 1 Chit. Cr. Law, 338; 17 Vin. Ab. 585.
     4. The word process in the 12th section of the 5th article of the constitution of Pennsylvania, which provides that "the style of all process shall be The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania," was intended to refer to such writs only as should become necessary to be issued in the course of the exercise of that judicial power which is established and provided for in the article of the constitution, and forms exclusively the subject matter of it. 3 Penna. R. 99.

PROCESS, rights. The means or method of accomplishing a thing.
     2. It has been said that the word manufacture, (q.v.) in the patent laws, may, perhaps, extend to a new process, to be carried on by known implements, or elements, acting upon known substances, and ultimately producing some other known substance, but producing it in a cheaper or more expeditious manner, or of a better and more useful kind. 2 B. & Ald. 349. See Perpigna, Manuel des Inventeurs, &c., c. 1; s. 5, Sec. 1, p. 22, 4th ed.; Manufacture; Method.

PROCESS, MESNE, practice. By this term is generally understood any writ issued in the course of a suit between the original process and execution.
     2. By this term is also meant the writ or proceedings in an action to summon or bring the defendant into court, or compel him to appear or put in bail, and then to hear and answer the plaintiffs claim. 3 Chit. Pr. 140.

References in periodicals archive ?
The capture electrodes were positioned at the midpoint between the spinous process of the C7 vertebra and the acromion bilaterally according to SENIAM criteria.
Leg 9 with basal spinous process on mesial margin, broadly rounded apophysis absent; distal 3 segments well formed and apparently fully functional, claw present.
However, in 10% to 15% of cases, the hemangiomas are extensive lesions that replace the entire vertebral body and involve the pedicles, lamina, and spinous process (1).
Palmer adjusted the vertebra back into place "using the spinous process as a lever and soon the man could hear as before.
a leading innovator of advanced minimally invasive spinal surgery technologies, today announced FDA 510(k) clearance of two new products to its portfolio: The Totalis[TM] Direct Decompression System and UniVise[TM] Spinous Process Fixation System.
Sub-Segments Included: Minimally Invasive Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion Minimally Invasive Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion Lateral Lumbar Interbody Fusion Direct Lateral Interbody Fusion (DLIF) eXtreme Lateral Interbody Fusion (XLIF) Guided Lateral Interbody Fusion (GLIF(TM)) Other Lateral Interbody Devices and Systems Retractor MIS Pedicle Screw Market Percutaneous MIS Pedicle Screw Market Spinous Process Fixation Facet Fixation Minimally Invasive Sacroiliac Joint Fusion Companies Included: Orthofix Medtronic Stryker Aesculap NuVasive DePuy Synthes Zimmer Alphatec Spine Globus Medical K2M LDR
Prior to taking measurements, the main researcher determined the spinous process of C7 (starting point) and the top of the anal crease (end point) by palpation and marked the skin surface with a pencil.
Then a line is drawn down the spinous process which should converge posterior.
It was there the company announced that its Aspen Spinous Process Fixation Device had reached 17,000 implantations.
The supraspinous ligaments superior to the spinous process of the superior segment and inferior to the spinous process of inferior segment were cut, as the superior and inferior facet joints were dissected and disarticulated.
Spinous Process Fixation - Facet Fixation - Minimally Invasive Interbody Devices - Minimally Invasive Pedicle Screws