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average

(Midmost), adjective center, centermost, mean, mean proportioned, medial, median, mediate, medium, mid, middle, middle class, middle grade, middlemost, middling
Associated concepts: average annual earnings or wages, avvrage capital, average charges, average daily attendance, average daily balance, average daily wage, average price, average speed, average value, average weekly wage, gennral average, gross average, income averaging, particular average, petty average, simple average

average

(Standard), adjective common, conventional, fair, mediocre, moderate, normal, ordinary, passable, prosaic, stock, typical, unnoteworthy, usual
Associated concepts: average man, average person, average quality
See also: conventional, cross section, customary, general, imperfect, intermediate, marginal, mediocre, mediocrity, mundane, nondescript, norm, normal, ordinary, regular, typical, usual

AVERAGE. A term used in commerce to signify a contribution made by the owners of the ship, freight and goods, on board, in proportion to their respective interests, towards any particular loss or expense sustained for the general safety of the ship and cargo; to the end that the particular loser may not be a greater sufferer than the owner of the ship and the other owners of goods on board. Marsh. Ins. B. 1, c. 12, s. 7; Code de Com. art. 397; 2 Hov. Supp. to Ves. jr. 407; Poth. Aver. art. Prel.
     2. Average is called general or gross average, because it falls generally upon the whole or gross amount of the ship, freight and cargo; and also to distinguish it from what is often though improperly termed particular average, but which in truth means a particular or partial, and not a general loss; or has no affinity to average properly so called. Besides these there are other small charges, called petty or accustomed averages; such as pilotage, towage, light-money, beaconage, anchorage, bridge toll, quarantine, river charges, signals, instructions, castle money, pier money, digging the ship out of the ice, and the like.
     3. A contribution upon general average can only be claimed in cases where, upon as much deliberate on and consultation between the captain and his officers as the occasion will admit of, it appears that the sacrifice at the time it was made, was absolutely and indispensably necessary for the preservation of the ship and cargo. To entitle the owner of the goods to an average contribution, the loss must evidently conduce to the preservation of the ship and the rest of the cargo; and it must appear that the ship and the rest of the cargo were in fact saved. Show. Ca. Parl. 20. See generally Code de Com. tit. 11 and 12; Park, Ins. c. 6; Marsh. Ins. B. 1, c. 12, s. 7 4 Mass. 548; 6 Mass. 125; 8 Mass. 467; 1 Caines' R. 196; 4 Dall. 459; 2 Binn. 547 4 Binn. 513; 2 Serg. & Rawle, 237, in note; 2 Serg. & Rawle, 229 3 Johns. Cas. 178; 1 Caines' R. 43; 2 Caines' R. 263; Id. 274; 8 Johns. R. 237, 2d edit 9 Johns. R. 9; 11 Johns. R 315 1 Caines' R. 573; 7 Johns R. 412; Wesk. Ins. tit. Average; 2 Barn. & Crest. 811 1 Rob. Adlm. Rep. 293; 2 New Rep. 378 18 Ves. 187; Lex. Mer. Armer. ch. 9; Bac Abr. Merchant, F; Vin. Abr. Contribution and' Average; Stev. on Av.; Ben. on Av.

References in periodicals archive ?
7048, the common stock average price, and rounded to four decimal places.
UltraShort Japan ProFund seeks daily investment results, before fees and expenses, that correspond to twice (200%) the inverse of the Nikkei 225 Stock Average.
According to Nikkei Net Interactive, the Nikkei Stock Average has been calculated continuously since 1950 using the Dow Jones method, which reflects the ex-rights-adjusted average stock prices of component companies.
Nikko will also be deleted from the Nikkei Stock Index 300 and the Nikkei 500 Stock Average upon the delisting and be replaced with Shinko Securities Co.
The CME also trades futures on the Nikkei Stock Average.
TOKYO - Japan's Nikkei 225 stock average stopped updating early Monday afternoon due to a computer system failure caused by a blackout that hit Tokyo and vicinity in the morning, the Nihon Keizai Shimbun, the business daily that runs the widely-watched stock index, said.
The Nikkei 225 Stock Average is the most watched of the Nikkei indexes as an overall economic and industrial indicator for Japan.
The system trouble did not cause major havoc in the market, however, as securities companies calculated the Nikkei 225 stock average using their own systems.
The Nikkei 500 Stock Average (Nikkei 500) is calculated using the Dow Method, like the Nikkei Stock Average.