stratagem


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stratagem

noun ars, artful contrivance, artifice, blind, cheat, chicane, contrivance, crafty device, cunning, deceit, deception, device, dodge, dolus, evasion, excuse, expedient, feint, finesse, gimmick, intrigue, machination, maneuver, manipulation, plan, plot, ploy, pretext, ruse, scheme, shift, strategy, subterfuge, tactic, trap, trick, wile
See also: act, artifice, campaign, contrivance, deception, design, device, expedient, false pretense, hoax, instrumentality, intent, machination, maneuver, operation, plot, ploy, policy, practice, pretext, procedure, ruse, scheme, trap, trick, undertaking

STRATAGEM. A deception either by words or actions, in times of war, in order to obtain an advantage over an enemy.
     2. Such stratagems, though contrary to morality, have been justified, unless they have been accompanied by perfidy, injurious to the rights of humanity, as in the example given by Vattel of an English frigate, which during a war between France and England, appeared off Calais and made signals of distress in order to allure some vessel to come to its relief, and seized a shallop and its crew, who had generously gone out to render it assistance. Vattel, Droit des Gens, liv. 3, c. 9, Sec. 178.
     3. Sometimes stratagems are employed in making, contracts, this is unlawful and fraudulent, and avoids the contract. See Fraud.

References in periodicals archive ?
In the first stratagem, two or three informers enter an establishment and prevail upon the proprietor to sell them distilled spirits, which they then proceed to drink together in a room on the premises.
As any decent organizer knows, however, such stratagems inevitably backfire.
FORMED in 1998, Stratagem was set up in response to the Good Friday Agreement and devolution to provide public affairs consultancy.
The long straight east wall opens above the ground floor only to allow light into the circulation areas, and at first floor level to illuminate the offices of the administrators and teachers, who have been given individual cells on this side looking out through the trees towards the highway, presumably on the principle that adults are more capable of enduring the distractions and unpleasantness of the road than the pupils (the stratagem echoes the one used by the practice in a somewhat similar condition at Frankfurt, AR April 1995, p24).
At one point, he treats the culture war as a stratagem, be Lee Atwater via Richard Nixon; at another, he treats it as a consequence of the Southern ascendancy in American politics.
Such a simple stratagem would, excuse pun, have killed two birds with one stone - a swan and a bluebird - in as much that the Cardiff fans would have flown the bird's nest with no hassle, but critically, if the buses had still been pelted with rocks or whatever, then we would know that the problems do not lie with either Swansea or Cardiff football clubs, but firmly at the doors of Rhodri Morgan and Gordon Brown.
There was close racing in Division Three, Stratagem making up for minor disappointment at the Roker Regatta the previous weekend by beating Kallista.
The Rowan Atkinson movie ``Bean'' attempted the same stratagem, and though it was a hit overseas, it was a decided failure on these shores, which bodes ill for ``A.
Mr Davies, a former chairman of Stratagem, which was taken over in August, as well as Hicking Pentecost, acquired by Coats Viyella in 1999, will work closely with the company's new deputy chairman Doug Rogers to engineer Dowding's revival within the next two to three years.
Everything is painted--therefore constructed rather than "ready-made," in accord with a baroque stratagem of wonder and amazement.
The art magazine Flak calls him "insidious" and suggests that his public pose is merely a manipulative stratagem.
2) The visual intention is to allow the full volume of the caverns to be appreciated as much as possible, and in the middle of each station where there are no mezzanines the stratagem works very well, though at the ends (particularly at rush hours) the space sometimes seems a little crowded, both vertically and horizontally.