credibility

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Credibility

Believability. The major legal application of the term credibility relates to the testimony of a witness or party during a trial. Testimony must be both competent and credible if it is to be accepted by the trier of fact as proof of an issue being litigated.

The credibility of a witness or party is based upon the ability of the jury to trust and believe what he or she says, and relates to the accuracy of his or her testimony as well as to its logic, truthfulness, and sincerity. Personal credibility depends upon the qualities of a person that would lead a jury to believe or disbelieve what the person said.

credibility

n. whether testimony is worthy of belief, based on competence of the witness and likelihood that it is true. Unless the testimony is contrary to other known facts or is extremely unlikely based on human experience, the test of credibility is purely subjective. (See: credible witness)

credibility

noun appearance of truth, auctoritas, believableness, credibleness, faithfulness, fides, integrity, plausibility, probity, rectitude, reliability, tenableness, trustworthiness, truthfulness, uprightness, veracity, verisimilitude
Associated concepts: credibility of a witness, impeachment of credibility

credibility

in the law of evidence, the aspect of evidence, usually the testimony of a witness, such that the fact-finder tells that the evidence can be believed. See also RELIABILITY.

CREDIBILITY. Worthiness of belief. To entitle a witness to credibility, he must be competent. Vide Competency.
     2. Human testimony can seldom acquire the certainty of demonstration. Witnesses not unfrequently are mistaken or wish to deceive; the most that can be expected is that moral certainty which arises from analogy. The credibility which is attached to such testimony, arises. from the double presumption that the witnesses have good sense and intelligence, and that they are not mistaken nor deceived; they are further presumed to have probity, and that they do not wish to deceive.
     3. To gain credibility, we must be assured, first, that the witness has not been mistaken nor deceived. To be assured as far as possible on this subject, it is proper to consider the nature and quality of the facts proved; the quality and person of the witness; the testimony in itself; and to compare it with the depositions of other witnesses on the subject, and with known facts. Secondly, we must be satisfied that he does not wish to deceive: there are strong assurances of this, when the witness is under oath, is a man of integrity, and disinterested. Vide Arch. Civ. Pl. 444; 5 Com. Dig. 449; 8 Watts, R. 227; Competency.

References in periodicals archive ?
Pc Keith Evans, of the Dangerous Dogs Unit, said: "We are seeing a rise in chain fighting where young people are forcing their dogs to fight in parks, purely as a way of boosting their street cred.
Giving somebody a good kicking never has and never will do anyone's street cred any good.
Grand Royal's first release, the "In Search of Manny" EP by the hip- hop flavored all-woman band, Luscious Jackson, has already been profiled to death by all the major music mags and earned the group mucho street cred.
With its groundbreaking user experience and in-the-know sensibility, The DL brings street cred to the mainstream and offers something for every music fan.
Singer Jonzip said: "We thought it would help her street cred, playing alongside a punk band.
She wants to use her own youth and street cred to best advantage and help take knives off our streets.
Irish cider firm Magners, where the drink is poured over ice, are credited with giving cider new street cred and sparking the three-year boom.
There are no fake lad-isms or attempts to notch up street cred by feigning Gallagher brothers-style enthusiasm for canned beer, fries and public transportation for this pop star.
THE ultimate in technological street cred at the moment is the i Pod, which now comes in colours to match everything from your hair to your handbag.
Sue Stevens, assistant youth sports development officer, said: "Basketball has enormous street cred with young people and the tournament will also offer lots of youngsters the chance of competitive play.
You pay a lot to enjoy open-top motoring but owners probably justify the extra in street cred and sun tan.
Need for Speed Most Wanted delivers a unique, fast-paced and gripping ride in the racing genre as players build up their Rap Sheet and street cred to move their way up the Black List to become the most wanted racer on the streets.