subjunction


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Related to subjunction: subjugation, subjunctive mood
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The adverbial subjunctions and content words listed above in (iiib) are completely transparent for Italian speakers, with perhaps the exception of the present participle ostante (the verb ostare only survives in the expression nulla osta a `nothing stands in the way of') and the noun malgrado (only used in the expression mio/nostro/ .
The following examples illustrate typical uses of the concessive subjunctions mentioned in (v) and (vi) respectively:
On the one hand, loosely integrated subjunctions are part of productive patterns -- such as German (va) on the scale of integration (auch .
On the other hand, highly integrated subjunctions are part of unproductive patterns: for example, German (vd) wenngleich vs.
Consider first the subjunctions containing a conditional element.
In German, these subjunctions always retain their original temporal semantics (meaning `even when', `even during', etc.
Let us now turn to the subjunctions containing a quantitative element.
Morphologically highly integrated and semantically highly bleached subjunctions tend to occur more frequently in tightly integrated hypotactic constructions -- in subordinate clauses without a finite verb, in interposed subordinate clauses, in subordinate clauses followed by a superordinate clause with verb-first position (in German) and in subordinate clauses with a subjunctive (in Italian).
It is clear that only highly grammaticalized subjunctions regularly cooccur with a subjunctive.