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Related to sublunar: Supralunar, sublunar point
See: mundane
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But this is in a way the opposite of what Elihu's image suggests: Aristotle says that providence works most of the time (for sublunar particulars) and Elihu says that it works rarely.
In the sublunar, terrestrial world of generation and corruption, for instance, no less than six requirements must be fulfilled in order for effects to occur: (1) the (efficient) cause must be both proximate and specific; (2) the cause must represent the only kind of cause productive of a specific effect; (3) the cause must be essential as well as actual, while the effect must be in itself merely potential; (25) (4) the cause must relate to the essence or nature of the (natural, involuntary) agent; (5) the recipient of the action must exist and must be properly disposed for the reception of the act; (26) and finally (6) there must be no impediments.
In this sublunar world of ours, where everything is in constant change and flux, one cannot bathe twice in the same water of a running stream.
He suggests that he has discovered in the Guide, "a criterion which might permit us to distinguish in the philosophy of Maimonides the conceptions that conform to this epistemology [namely, that 'no scientific certainty can be achieved with regard to objects that are outside the sublunar world'] and can therefore be regarded as having been reached through the application of a critical method, from those that may be termed 'metaphysical' (if the adjective is not given its medieval meaning, but is used, as in many modem writings, in a somewhat pejorative sense).
Concerning the four sublunar elements, Albert first divides them into two groups depending on whether they have absolute or relative properties: 1) earth is absolutely heavy and hence tends downward; 2) tire is absolutely light and tends upwards; 3) water and 4) air are relatively heavy and light respectively and are found in between earth and tire.
This cosmological scheme began with the First Intellect, nine other Intellects each of which generated a particular heavenly sphere that possessed its own soul, and ended with the Tenth Intellect which governed the sublunar region.
Della Porta rejects Aristotle's account of comets and the Milky Way as sublunar phenomena and revises the Stagirite's treatment of rainbows by applying principles of optics.
The paper continues with discussing the way in which Aristotle connects the several sublunar elements with different levels of life activity, and the troublesome passage in Generation of Animals 3.
Keywords: Ibn Sina-al-Biruni correspondence; shape of the heavens; criticism of Aristotle's reasoning for the spherical motion of the heavens; sublunar physics; theory of transformation of elements.
29) Natural motion in such a cosmos is defined as motion of a sublunar substance toward its natural place, either up or down, or of heavenly bodies in a circular path.
However, I do not mean to suggest that Aristotle does not believe in a mechanical transmission of energy through the spheres down to the sublunar.
Aristotle held that the sublunar elemental bodies, earth, water, air, and fire, have natural motions following from inherent tendencies to natural places which are absolutely situated in the universe.