Newton accomplished the step of grounding the physics of the Laws of Motion to his metaphysics of substantival space and universal time, by assuming that the cause of gravitation was also some type of force.
Substantival space-time can serve the role of this substance and can facilitate the energy transfer to and from all bodies in motion and in such a way that all spatiotemporal quantities evolve according to certain rules giving rise to the well-known potential function [E.
1005a; Lane 2664ab) Other examples of the substantival
Second, the rejection of substantival
verb forms as a distinct morphological category of Old and Middle Egyptian leaves the emphatic verb forms and second tenses of Late Egyptian, Demotic, and Coptic without any forebears in early Egyptian.
The most prevalent construction for the representation of the substantival
content is a sa clause (rather than kima in a typical object clause):
stems reflecting the Akkadian roots [square root of (smr)] and [square root of (srm)] Productive Lexical [square root of (srm)] D-Stem infinitive tasmirtum "goal" summurum summiratum, sum(mu)ratum "enterprise" tismuru "intent, mindful" [Hapax: G-stem infinitive samarum] (a) [square root of (smr)] G-Stem infinitive sirimtum "striving" saramum D-Stem inf.
What is referred to by Deutscher as "sentential complementation" should more precisely be regarded as substantival
clauses, for such clauses, in addition to their function as objects, can commute (i.
42); and in opening for Strawson, that "a particular, to be a particular, requires more than the meanings [sic] of a singular substantival
f of verbs of motion (when it is not a relative or adjectival verb form) is always substantival
For another instance of wordplay involving a preposition, see Loprieno, "The Sign of Literature in the Shipwrecked Sailor," 215: "The text continuously plays with the word hnw, both in its substantival
meanings of 'home' and 'royal residence' and in its prepositional usage.
f identified as substantival
in emphatic constructions, as it is in the Standard theory.
According to Polotsky (1978: 167), "[i]t is a moot question what function the markers of the 3rd persons singular of finite verb-forms fulfill when they are followed by an explicit substantival
actor"; "the question does not arise when no substantival
actor is present.