substitute

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substitute

noun agent, alternate, alternative, delegate, deputy, double, emissary, envoy, factor, lieutenant, pinch hitter, plenipotentiary, proxy, regent, replacement, representation, representative, stand-in, steward, stopgap, substitution, supplanter, surrogate, temporary expedient, trustee, understudy
See also: agent, alienate, alternate, alternative, change, commute, conduit, convert, cover, delegate, deputy, devolve, disjunctive, displace, exchange, false, imitation, intermediary, liaison, plenipotentiary, procurator, provisional, proxy, quid pro quo, replace, replacement, representative, secondary, stopgap, succedaneum, supersede, supplant, surrogate, transform

SUBSTITUTE, contracts. One placed under another to transact business for him; in letters of attorney, power is generally given to the attorney to nominate and appoint a substitute.
     2. Without such power, the authority given to one person cannot in general be delegated to another, because it is a personal trust and confidence, and is not therefore transmissible. The authority is given to him to exercise his judgment and discretion, and it cannot be said that the trust and confidence reposed in him shall be exercised at the discretion of another. 2 Atk. 88; 2 Ves. 645. But an authority may be delegated to another, when the attorney has express power to do so. Bunb. 166; T. Jones, 110. See Story, Ag. Sec. 13, 14. When a man is drawn in the militia, he may in some cases hire a substitute.

References in classic literature ?
He once yearned so frightfully for that occupation, and it was so welcome when it came; no doubt it relieved his pain so much, by substituting the perplexity of the fingers for the perplexity of the brain, and by substituting, as he became more practised, the ingenuity of the hands, for the ingenuity of the mental torture; that he has never been able to bear the thought of putting it quite out of his reach.
When I explained my altered position to you, sir,' I began again, substituting a new form of expression for what was so unpalatable to him, 'this concealment, into which I am so unhappy as to have led Miss Spenlow, had begun.
That discreet damsel was attired as usual, except that she was now engaged in substituting for her green kid gloves, a pair of white.
They who promote the idea of substituting a number of distinct confederacies in the room of the plan of the convention, seem clearly to foresee that the rejection of it would put the continuance of the Union in the utmost jeopardy.
This small staff was quite equal to all the requirements, for a canal between Beaucaire and Aiguemortes had revolutionized transportation by substituting boats for the cart and the stagecoach.