summation

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Related to summative: Summative evaluation

summation

n. the final argument of an attorney at the close of a trial in which he/she attempts to convince the judge and/or jury of the virtues of the client's case. (See: closing argument)

See: account, amount, computation, corpus, denouement, outline, report, sum, synopsis

summation

the concluding statements made by opposing counsel in a case before a court.
References in periodicals archive ?
WBA tools, when combined in a registrar's e-portfolio to create a central and integrating concept whose purpose is both formative (educational) and summative (high stakes), are a means of planning and implementing lifelong learning to enhance performance, improve quality of care and enhance the effectiveness of our health systems.
The formative assessment element is created after the finishing of online and face-to-face teaching and learning for every aspect while summative assessment is carried out after the completion of the teaching and learning process that involves three aspects.
Summative assessment is a process to assess the learning outcomes.
Criteria for summative evaluations should be developed in cooperation with the administrators and teachers while adhering to strict guidelines, forms, and timelines.
Formative Assessment Formative Assessment is different from summative assessment as it focuses on the learning and improvement of learners rather than taking decisions on "pass" or "fail".
In summary, STANYS takes the position that students who fail to meet the laboratory requirement should not have their Regents exam grade of zero factored into the teacher's final summative SLO rating.
A formative evaluation occurred during the first half of the semester, and a summative evaluation occurred during the last half of the semester.
ERIC Descriptors: Secondary School Teachers; Knowledge Level; Pedagogical Content Knowledge; Critical Thinking; Thinking Skills; Summative Evaluation; Teacher Surveys; Urban Schools; Suburban Schools; Rural Schools; Demography; Predictor Variables; Gender Differences; Teaching Experience; Intellectual Disciplines; Educational Attainment; School Location; School Size; Grouping (Instructional Purposes); Federal Programs; Educational Indicators; Statistical Significance; Qualitative Research; Statistical Analysis; Correlation; Principals; Teacher Education; Expertise; Colleges; Classification; Formative Evaluation; Standardized Tests; High Stakes Tests; College Entrance Examinations; Measures (Individuals)
Whereas group designs, typically the basis for summative evaluation, are readily accepted as providing scientific evidence for program effectiveness, single subject designs typically form the basis for formative evaluation.
Of the total candidates, 495 opted for the examination conducted by the school, which comprised two parts as Summative Assessment 1 (SA-1) and Summative Assessment 2 (SA-2) at the end of the two semesters of the academic year 2010 to 2011.
We need to move beyond these summative evaluations and examine the possibilities of using formative assessments to better meet student needs.
Replacing a singular summative assessment with multiple forms teaches to the entire class, attacks the cognitive domain from all angles and helps students "see" the connection between what is on paper and how it applies within the student's experience.