supervene

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Some independent characterization of evidence is needed, one that would explain why we should believe that one's evidence supervenes upon one's mental states and depends upon nothing further ('Mentalism') and the further claim that one's ultimate evidence consists of experiences ('Experientialism').
Since there are no intuitively significant microphysical differences, intrinsic or extrinsic, between the atoms composing P and the atoms-minus, the proper conclusion, says Merricks, is that their difference with respect to consciousness does not supervene on microphysical differences.
So being conscious does not supervene upon microphysical arrangements: if being conscious is an intrinsic qualitative property, then Microphysical Supervenience is false.
Since the human being in the region supervenes on the humanwise arrangement of the microparticles, it is reasonable to say that his properties are just those that supervene on the human-determining properties and relations exemplified by those particles; and since the lump in the region supervenes on the lumpwise arrangement of the microparticles, it is reasonable to say that its properties are those that supervene on the lump-determining properties and relations exemplified by those particles.
ii) the theory of chance of a world w will not supervene on any finite initial segment of w's history.
Relationalists may be distinguished into conservative relationalists, who hold that all that is true about space must supervene on the geometric relations of actual bodies, and modal relationalists, who hold that possible relations involving merely possible bodies are relevant as well.
Then the Humean will have to claim that the appropriate set of history-to-chance conditionals for w supervenes on the global pattern of matters of particular fact.
It is trivial to say that the existence of a square red object composed of atoms supervenes on atoms' standing in the composing a square red object relation.
Morally aesthetic properties supervene on a base consisting of the various virtues and vices, like beauty supervenes on the configuration of shapes and colors in a painting (97).
Now, suppose that chance supervenes in a way which implies that the chances must, to a very great extent, reflect limit relative frequencies throughout all of time.
In such a world, the mental supervenes on the physical.
This doctrine has been thought to conflict with other theses required to explain how the mental can causally affect the physical, such as that the mental supervenes on the physical.