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Related to surname: Surname List
See: call, title

SURNAME. A name which is added to the christian name, and which, in modern times, have become family names.
     2. They are called surnames, because originally they were written over the name in judicial writings and contracts. They were and are still used for the purpose of distinguishing persons of the same name. They were taken from something attached to the persons assuming them, as John Carpenter, Joseph Black, Samuel Little, &c. See Name.

References in periodicals archive ?
Christian Adams, who was a commission member, called the request for the flagged surname data "a tempest in a teapot" driven not by foul plots but the bureaucracy of how Texas slices voter information.
In 1960, Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip decided to pick another surname for their family.
However, in 1960, The Queen and The Duke of Edinburgh decided that they would like their own direct descendants to be distinguished from the rest of the Royal Family (without changing the name of the Royal House), as Windsor is the surname used by all the male and unmarried female descendants of George V.
Robnett noted that the findings indicate that people extrapolate from marital surname choices to make more general inferences about a couple's gender-typed personality traits.
Campbell Spin doctor and journalist Alastair Campbell's surname originated as a Gaelic nickname, 'caimbeul', meaning 'crooked mouth'.
Under that Act, an effective but infrequently relied upon ground for opposing a trademark application is that the applied-for mark is primarily merely a surname.
The surname will, therefore, have had more than one origin but there is no doubt that Haigh in the former township of Quarmby was a major source.
These descriptions later became last names, or surnames, and were passed on in families.
The court will look at the circumstances and generally you will need to demonstrate good reason to change your children's surname.
Plenty if your surname is Boswell, Loveridge, Doe or Lee.
Einav and Yariv (2006) explore "alphabetical discrimination," the fact that economists with earlier surname initials have greater career success, and argue that this phenomenon is not observed in academic fields where the order of coauthorship is not determined alphabetically.