The issue of engagement in sex work has a lot to do with making informed choices, and there is a marked difference between sex work and survival sex
(Yee, 2009, p.
Often without shelter and with little or no food to feed their families, many were forced into survival sex
to buy food, medicine, or shelter for themselves and their families.
Respondents who shared needles, experienced abuse and engaged in survival sex
trading were also more likely to use medical services than respondents who did not (48.
Impact assessments (El Masri, Harvey, & Garwood, 2013) (Masterson, 2012) have indicated high levels of sexual and GBV, more specifically rape, assault, IPV, early marriage and survival sex
among refugees who have fled the Syrian conflict.
In the absence of relationships with prosocial individuals and institutions, homeless young adults may establish stronger connections to similarly situated street peers, become immersed in a street lifestyle, and participate in associated risk behaviors such as substance abuse and survival sex
(Baron, 2009; Johnson et al.
Instead of using words that force them to look these experiences squarely in the face, they may think of them and describe them as survival sex
Adults Observed Eggs Males Females % Survival Sex
Although many of these groups regularly underscore the high number of First Nations women involved in the survival sex
trade, (3) as well as the overrepresentation of Indigenous women among kidnap, assault, and murder victims in Canada, sex worker activism in Canada remains primarily a white enterprise.
I had no prior work history as a woman and I resorted to doing survival sex
work at the age of 17.
A lot of these kids end up being prostituted or turning to survival sex
to try to make ends meet.
Gaynor Trueman, women's services co-ordinator at Stockton outreach and prevention charity, A Way Out, said: "The women who are involved in survival sex
work put themselves at risk every day of extreme violence and abuse, not by choice, but to survive the desperate situations they find themselves in.
This has led to social problems, including survival sex
, high school-dropout rates and substance abuse," said UNHCR in its 2014 regional operations profile.