sustain


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Sustain

To carry on; to maintain. To affirm, uphold or approve, as when an appellate court sustains the decision of a lower court. To grant, as when a judge sustains an objection to testimony or evidence, he or she agrees with the objection and gives it effect.

sustain

v. in trial practice, for a judge to agree that a question asked of a witness is objectionable. Thus, an attorney asks the witness a question, and the opposing lawyer objects, saying the question is "irrelevant, immaterial and incompetent," "leading," "argumentative," or some other objection. If the judge agrees he/she will rule "sustained," meaning the objection is sustained (approved) and the question cannot be asked or answered. However, if the judge finds the question proper, he/she will "over-rule" the objection.

sustain

(Confirm), verb affirm, approve, assent to, attest, authenticate, bear out, buttress, certify, consent to, corroborate, defend, document, endorse, establish, evidence, justify, make firm, prove, ratify, sanction, settle, strenghten, substantiate, support, uphold, uphold in evidence, validate, verify, vindicate
Associated concepts: sustain a lower court's decision

sustain

(Prolong), verb attentuate, bolster, conserve, continue, contribute to, elongate, extend, fortify, guard, keep going, keep up, lengthen, maintain, nourish, preserve, promote, protect, protract, reinforce, save, spare, strengthen, stretch, sustentare, sustinere, uphold
See also: adduce, adhere, agree, aid, allow, approve, assist, attest, authorize, bear, bolster, care, certify, concur, confirm, conserve, continue, corroborate, countenance, defend, demonstrate, document, endure, establish, finance, foster, fund, harbor, help, indorse, justify, keep, last, nurture, organize, pass, perpetuate, persevere, persist, preserve, prolong, promote, protect, provide, reassure, regard, remain, retain, shelter, side, sponsor, subsidize, suffer, supply, support, tolerate, uphold, vouch, witness
References in classic literature ?
Such gruel sustains life here, I thought; so, shutting my eyes, and excluding the motes by a skilfully directed undercurrent, I drank to genuine hospitality the heartiest draught I could.
Pickwick, though able to sustain a very considerable amount of exertion and fatigue, was not proof against such a combination of attacks as he had undergone on the memorable night, recorded in the last chapter.
Then, brother," I replied, "you can return to your China, post haste or at whatever haste you are bound to go, as I am not fit for so long a travel and, besides being ill, I am very much without money, while Emperor for Emperor and Monarch for Monarch, I have at Naples the great Count of Lemos, who, without so many petty titles of colleges and rectorships, sustains me, protects me and does me more favour than I can wish for.
Even through the years, the immense laugh of Lavalle as he sustains the Spaniard's wrecked plane, and cries: "Courage
It is the intention of Cynnal Cymru - Sustain Wales to highlight this, to praise the achievements and showcase good practice, and as such announce that the Sustain Wales Awards are now open for application, coinciding with European Sustainability Week.
Side-by-side we have seen an industry transform and the capability of the West to deploy and sustain forces around the globe are now central to any strategy dealing with global security and disaster response," said Stanley.
2] transmission rate is too low to sustain the pathogen ([f.
Opinions on the meaning of the term "sustain" tend to vary with forest value systems To sustain literally means to "hold up" or "nourish," which in forest management implies more than simply maintaining a nondeclining flow of timber.
On appeal the court said that for MidAmerican to sustain a negligence action against Harrison, MidAmerican must show Harrison knew the financial statements he was to prepare would be supplied to MidAmerican.
Initial residual effects of injury included: decreased physical strength and endurance, decreased ability to sustain attention, impaired auditory comprehension, and impaired short term memory when compared to prior abilities.