sustain

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Sustain

To carry on; to maintain. To affirm, uphold or approve, as when an appellate court sustains the decision of a lower court. To grant, as when a judge sustains an objection to testimony or evidence, he or she agrees with the objection and gives it effect.

sustain

v. in trial practice, for a judge to agree that a question asked of a witness is objectionable. Thus, an attorney asks the witness a question, and the opposing lawyer objects, saying the question is "irrelevant, immaterial and incompetent," "leading," "argumentative," or some other objection. If the judge agrees he/she will rule "sustained," meaning the objection is sustained (approved) and the question cannot be asked or answered. However, if the judge finds the question proper, he/she will "over-rule" the objection.

sustain

(Confirm), verb affirm, approve, assent to, attest, authenticate, bear out, buttress, certify, consent to, corroborate, defend, document, endorse, establish, evidence, justify, make firm, prove, ratify, sanction, settle, strenghten, substantiate, support, uphold, uphold in evidence, validate, verify, vindicate
Associated concepts: sustain a lower court's decision

sustain

(Prolong), verb attentuate, bolster, conserve, continue, contribute to, elongate, extend, fortify, guard, keep going, keep up, lengthen, maintain, nourish, preserve, promote, protect, protract, reinforce, save, spare, strengthen, stretch, sustentare, sustinere, uphold
See also: adduce, adhere, agree, aid, allow, approve, assist, attest, authorize, bear, bolster, care, certify, concur, confirm, conserve, continue, corroborate, countenance, defend, demonstrate, document, endure, establish, finance, foster, fund, harbor, help, indorse, justify, keep, last, nurture, organize, pass, perpetuate, persevere, persist, preserve, prolong, promote, protect, provide, reassure, regard, remain, retain, shelter, side, sponsor, subsidize, suffer, supply, support, tolerate, uphold, vouch, witness
References in periodicals archive ?
To try to see the sun or look at it sustainedly is to risk blindness; we seek a view of it through mediated glances, as we know our own eyes and faces only through the mediation of the responses of others.
Davies emphasises that "often it is the result of patient, minute and detailed observation that takes place in the sustainedly close relationship that the nurse has with the patient, that has been singled out as the defining characteristic of caring work" (Davies 1995: 22).
That disruption is sustainedly there in terms of the long arm of the law that has so much impact on Chicano lives and sends so many Chicano men and women to prison (as captured in films like Edward James Olmos's American Me [1992] and Allison Anders's Mi vida loca [1993]).

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