sustain

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Related to sustains: substance, rigorous

Sustain

To carry on; to maintain. To affirm, uphold or approve, as when an appellate court sustains the decision of a lower court. To grant, as when a judge sustains an objection to testimony or evidence, he or she agrees with the objection and gives it effect.

sustain

v. in trial practice, for a judge to agree that a question asked of a witness is objectionable. Thus, an attorney asks the witness a question, and the opposing lawyer objects, saying the question is "irrelevant, immaterial and incompetent," "leading," "argumentative," or some other objection. If the judge agrees he/she will rule "sustained," meaning the objection is sustained (approved) and the question cannot be asked or answered. However, if the judge finds the question proper, he/she will "over-rule" the objection.

sustain

(Confirm), verb affirm, approve, assent to, attest, authenticate, bear out, buttress, certify, consent to, corroborate, defend, document, endorse, establish, evidence, justify, make firm, prove, ratify, sanction, settle, strenghten, substantiate, support, uphold, uphold in evidence, validate, verify, vindicate
Associated concepts: sustain a lower court's decision

sustain

(Prolong), verb attentuate, bolster, conserve, continue, contribute to, elongate, extend, fortify, guard, keep going, keep up, lengthen, maintain, nourish, preserve, promote, protect, protract, reinforce, save, spare, strengthen, stretch, sustentare, sustinere, uphold
See also: adduce, adhere, agree, aid, allow, approve, assist, attest, authorize, bear, bolster, care, certify, concur, confirm, conserve, continue, corroborate, countenance, defend, demonstrate, document, endure, establish, finance, foster, fund, harbor, help, indorse, justify, keep, last, nurture, organize, pass, perpetuate, persevere, persist, preserve, prolong, promote, protect, provide, reassure, regard, remain, retain, shelter, side, sponsor, subsidize, suffer, supply, support, tolerate, uphold, vouch, witness
References in classic literature ?
But the only true America is that country where you are at liberty to pursue such a mode of life as may enable you to do without these, and where the state does not endeavor to compel you to sustain the slavery and war and other superfluous expenses which directly or indirectly result from the use of such things.
For an instant, without an exclamation, without a cry for help, Athos tried to sustain himself on the surface of the waters, but the weight dragged him down; he disappeared by degrees; soon nothing was to be seen except his long, floating hair; then both men disappeared and the bubbling of the water, which, in its turn, was soon effaced, alone indicated the spot where these two had sunk.
Forbear," said the Miller to him, "harping on what was of yore, for it is the common lot of mortals to sustain the ups and downs of fortune.
In buying spectacles the needless outlay for the right lens soon reduced him to poverty, and the Man to Whom Time Was Money had to sustain life by fishing from the end of a wharf.
Mournfully and low the man of God began his eulogy of the dead, and his doleful voice, mingled with the sobbing which it was its purpose to stimulate and sustain, rose and fell, seemed to come and go, like the sound of a sullen sea.
Such a poetry could not be permanently successful, because the subjects of which it treats -- if susceptible of poetic treatment at all -- were certainly not suited for epic treatment, where unity of action which will sustain interest, and to which each part should contribute, is absolutely necessary.
Even his energy failed to sustain him, tried as it now was by the crushing oppression of suspense.
Pickwick, though able to sustain a very considerable amount of exertion and fatigue, was not proof against such a combination of attacks as he had undergone on the memorable night, recorded in the last chapter.
The lynchpin that sustains the MERLOT online community is the camaraderie members view as important support for their productivity.
One of these social structures is a health service that sustains the belief of all citizens in society's respect for their human dignity.
The CRAY C90 system frequently sustains 30 to as much as 80 percent of its theoretical peak speed, which is 16 gigaflops," she said.
PROVO, Utah -- TAHITIAN NONI(R) Concentrated Fruit Extract Endurance Sustains Energy Levels up to 50% Longer