sustain

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Related to sustains: substance, rigorous

Sustain

To carry on; to maintain. To affirm, uphold or approve, as when an appellate court sustains the decision of a lower court. To grant, as when a judge sustains an objection to testimony or evidence, he or she agrees with the objection and gives it effect.

sustain

v. in trial practice, for a judge to agree that a question asked of a witness is objectionable. Thus, an attorney asks the witness a question, and the opposing lawyer objects, saying the question is "irrelevant, immaterial and incompetent," "leading," "argumentative," or some other objection. If the judge agrees he/she will rule "sustained," meaning the objection is sustained (approved) and the question cannot be asked or answered. However, if the judge finds the question proper, he/she will "over-rule" the objection.

sustain

(Confirm), verb affirm, approve, assent to, attest, authenticate, bear out, buttress, certify, consent to, corroborate, defend, document, endorse, establish, evidence, justify, make firm, prove, ratify, sanction, settle, strenghten, substantiate, support, uphold, uphold in evidence, validate, verify, vindicate
Associated concepts: sustain a lower court's decision

sustain

(Prolong), verb attentuate, bolster, conserve, continue, contribute to, elongate, extend, fortify, guard, keep going, keep up, lengthen, maintain, nourish, preserve, promote, protect, protract, reinforce, save, spare, strengthen, stretch, sustentare, sustinere, uphold
See also: adduce, adhere, agree, aid, allow, approve, assist, attest, authorize, bear, bolster, care, certify, concur, confirm, conserve, continue, corroborate, countenance, defend, demonstrate, document, endure, establish, finance, foster, fund, harbor, help, indorse, justify, keep, last, nurture, organize, pass, perpetuate, persevere, persist, preserve, prolong, promote, protect, provide, reassure, regard, remain, retain, shelter, side, sponsor, subsidize, suffer, supply, support, tolerate, uphold, vouch, witness
References in periodicals archive ?
4 : to hold up the weight of <The roof couldn't sustain the weight of the snow.
Kollock (1998) presents theories about behavior monitoring as a challenge that sustains a community, and he suggests that a vibrant community requires a challenge.
Though it seems natural that academic communities would move some of their work to the virtual realm of online communities, not much is known about community attributes that can actually sustain the productivity of one type of online community in higher education: a faculty community of practice to improve effectiveness of teaching and learning.
One item described several core elements required to sustain an online community according to previous publications (Kollock, 1998; Whittaker et al, 1997).
The hope we all sustain is that sufficient progress can be achieved within a time frame and political legitimation process that can contain violence and promote a culture of peaceful progress.
Recognition of current strengths built up over many decades within our health care system and efforts to sustain these with maximum efficiency and effectiveness.
Port Huron's minimal capital needs and use of internal resources to finance ongoing road improvements should sustain this low debt burden.
This reaffirms and sustains our plans to create the nation's premier energy company.
And it will reduce the cash requirement needed to sustain our $2.
The two-drive versions of VideoRaid scsi offer up to 34 GB of storage and sustain an 18 MB/second data rate.