We argue that the knowledge held by such executives, especially its degree of tacitness
, is one basis for owner and/or executive retention decision-making which deserves to be given greater attention in the literature.
We propose a hypothesis concerning the relation between the degree of knowledge transmission based on the tacitness
of the knowledge and the benefits expected from the outsourcing of a specific activity.
pharmaceuticals, chemicals and material industries; path dependency and cumulativeness implying that future innovation depends on current and past innovations (-); tacitness
of knowledge (-); and the maturity of industry (-).
44) However, that presuppositions are involved in a knowledge claim or in experience itself does not imply that tacitness
as such is cognitively enabling and that they therefore cannot be reflected on when operative, and even if tacitness
were thus enabling, this would not exclude the possibility that they may be known retrospectively in the way outlined above.
Kogut and Zander (1993) argued that knowledge is not strictly polarised between the explicit-tacit dichotomy, but it exists along a continuum of tacitness
In other words, the price system enables us to generate order spontaneously by providing us with an institutional process for overcoming the unavoidable dispersion, context specificity, and tacitness
of our knowledge.
Causal ambiguity is related to tacitness
(Simonin, 1999) and refers to the receiver's understanding about cause-effect relationships involved in the capabilities to be transferred.
The mere tacitness
of knowledge presents no particular problem for folk theory or for theories based on the container metaphor.
Bowles's eloquent tacitness
and sand-pocked reserve, not to mention his undying concern for classical rigor in prose, might be serving as a lesson to experimental writers like Brian Lennon, whose "Web Conjunctions" selection, "From Nineteen Italian Days: An Essay" is a masterpiece of indirection.
, non-codifiabiltity, non-articulability, and uniqueness) of the cross-border knowledge itself, a focal firm will benefit from such knowledge gained from its IBA when that cross-border learning has been effective and efficient.
This may be especially true in the case of tacit knowledge (Audretsch and Feldman, 2004), but as ICT improves and becomes cheaper, tacitness
may become less of a barrier to long-distance flows, especially if the degree of codification increases (Hakanson, 2005).
According to Martin and Salomon (2003), the greater the degree of knowledge tacitness
, the more difficult its transfer.