tail

(redirected from tail docking)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Financial, Encyclopedia.

Tail

Limited, abridged, reduced, or curtailed.

An estate in tail is a legally recognizable interest of inheritance that goes to the heirs of the donee's body instead of descending to the donee's heirs generally. The heirs of the donee's body are his or her lawful issue (children, grandchildren, great-grandchildren, and so on, in a direct line for as long as the descendants endure in a regular order and course of descent). Upon the death of the first owner to die without issue, the estate tail ends.

Cross-references

Entail.

See: end, termination

tail

the limitation of an estate or interest to a person and the heirs of his body, or an estate or interest limited in this way.

TAIL. An estate tail is an estate of inheritance, to a man or a woman and his or her heirs of his or her body, or heirs of his body of a particular description, or to several persons and the heirs of their bodies, or the heirs generally or specially of the body or bodies of one person, or several bodies. Prest. on Estates, 355; Cruise, tit. 2, c. 1, s. 12.
     2. Estates tail, as qualified "in their limitation and extent, are of several sorts. They have different denominations, according to the circumstances under which, or the persons to whom they are limited. They are usually divided into estates tail general or special.
     3. But they may be more advantageously arranged under the following classes.
     4.-1. As to the extent of the degree to which the estates may descend, they are, 1st, general; 2d, qualified.
     5.-2. As to the sex of the person who may succeed, they are, 1st. General, as extending to males or females of the body, without exception. 2d. Special, as admitting only one sex to the succession, and excluding the other sex.
     6.-3. As to the person by whom or by whose body those heirs are to be begotten, they are either, 1st. General, as to all the heirs of the body of a man or woman. 2d. Special, as to the heirs of the body of a man or woman begotten by a particular person, or to the heirs of the two bodies of a man and woman. On the several species of estates tail noticed under this division, it may be observed, that the same estate may at the same time, be general in one respect; as, for example, to all the heirs of the body in whatever degree they are related; and may be, special in another respect, as that these heirs shall be males, &c. Prest. on Estates, 383, 4.
     7. The law relating to entails is diversified in the several states. In Indiana and Louisiana they never existed they are unknown in Illinois and Vermont. In Ohio, Virginia, Tennessee, Kentucky, and New York, estates tail are converted into estates in fee simple by statute; and they may be barred by a simple conveyance in Pennsylvania. In Alabama, Missouri, Mississippi, New Jersey, Connecticut and North Carolina, they have been modified, and in Georgia, they have been abolished without reservation. Griff. Reg. h.t. Vide, generally, 8 Vin. Ab. 227 to 272; 10 Id. 257 to 269; 20 Id. 163; Bac. Ab. Estate in tail; 4 Com. Dig. 17; 4 Kent, Com. 12; Bouv. Inst. Index, h.t.; and. 1 Bro. Civ. Law, 188, where an attempt is made to prove that an estate resembling an estate tail was not unknown to the Romans.

References in periodicals archive ?
The Committee was not satisfied that the addition 'for law enforcement' altered the meaning of what was already stated on this form, and found the wording confirmed Mr Smith's misapprehension at the time of the legality of the tail docking.
Effect of tail docking in Awassi lambs on metabolizable energy requirements and chemical composition of carcasses.
People need to be aware that tail docking is illegal subject to certain exceptions.
In Sweden, tail docking is forbidden, farmers must administer a local anesthetic or a sedative for dehorning, and cows must be kept on pasture for at least two to four months out of the year.
ACTRESS Miranda Richardson, from Southport, has joined TV vets Trude Mos-tue and Emma Milne in calling on MPs to ban the practice of tail docking of dogs, when they vote in the Commons today.
I THINK questions need to be asked and assurances given in the wake of the Fakenham card on February 17, which carried the following race titles: 'One Year On And Hunting Still Continues' Beginners' Chase, 'Keep Tail Docking For Working Dogs' Selling Handicap Hurdle, 'Hunting Will Survive The Ban' Novices' Hurdle, 'Hands Off Our Hunting' Handicap Chase, 'Hunting Act - Still Unworkable Legislation' - Handicap Hurdle, and 'Go Hunting Tomorrow' NH Flat Race.
The report for veterinarians covers veterinary malpractice, disciplinary decisions, non-compete agreements, tail docking, ear cropping and other veterinary procedures, ownership vs.
Eicher and Cheng have found both behavioral and physiological signs indicating that animals may suffer chronic pain from tail docking.
Last week Lloyd Earlington, 35, and Julie Ward, 37, both of Watson Road, Alum Rock and David Hunkins, 33, of Harts Road, Washwood Heath, were all jailed for three months after they caused the death of 11 puppies by carrying out a 'barbaric' tail docking operation.
For example, in many of these labeling schemes, 'free range' birds still spend their entire lives tightly packed together in sheds, physical mutilations like debeaking and tail docking are still allowed, and there are no requirements for outdoor access for some species.
If they are wounded or the tail docking doesn't happen just right, flies will lay eggs in the dense curly wool.
Farrowing crates are never used, and tail docKing and tooth clipping procedures are not practised.