chance

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chance

(Fortuity), noun advantage, befalling, casus, circumstance, event, favorable time, fortuitousness, good fortune, happening, occasion, opening, suitable circummtance, time
Associated concepts: arise by chance, last clear chance

chance

(Possibility), noun aptitude, attainability, bare possibility, conceivability, conceivableness, contingency, favorable prospect, hope, imaginability, indeterminacy, liability, likelihood, possibleness, potentiality, probability, prospect, spes, uncertainty, unexpectedness, unpredictability
Associated concepts: chance verdict, games of chance
Foreign phrases: Casus fortuitus non est supponendus.A chance happening is not to be presumed. Casus fortuitus non est sperandus, et nemo tenetur devinare. A chance happening is not to be expected, and no one is bound to foresee it.
See also: access, accident, bet, coincidental, contingency, fortuitous, gamble, haphazard, happenstance, hazard, likelihood, lottery, occasion, opening, opportunity, outlook, possibility, potential, privilege, probability, prospect, quirk, random, risk, speculate, speculation, suspicion, uncertainty, unexpected, unintentional, unwitting, venture

CHANCE, accident. As the law punishes a crime only when there is an intention to commit it, it follows that when those acts are done in a lawful business or pursuit by mere chance or accident, which would have been criminal if there had been an intention, express or implied, to commit them, there is no crime. For example, if workmen were employed in blasting rocks in a retired field, and a person not knowing of the circumstance should enter the field, and be killed by a piece of the rock, there would be no guilt in the workmen. 1 East, P. C. 262 Poster, 262; 1 Hale's P. C. 472; 4 Bl. Com. 192. Vide Accident.