tenure

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Tenure

A right, term, or mode of holding or occupying something of value for a period of time.

In feudal law, the principal mode or system by which a person held land from a superior in exchange for the rendition of service and loyalty to the grantor.

The status given to an educator who has satisfactorily completed teaching for a trial period and is, therefore, protected against summary dismissal by the employer.

A length of time during which an individual has a right to occupy a public or private office.

In a general sense, the term tenure describes the length of time that a person holds a job, position, or something of value. In the context of academic employment, tenure refers to a faculty appointment for an indefinite period of time. When an academic institution gives tenure to an educator, it gives up the right to terminate that person without good cause.

In medieval England, tenure referred to the prevailing system of land ownership and land possession. Under the tenure system, a landholder, called a tenant, held land at the will of a lord, who gave the tenant possession of the land in exchange for a good or service provided by the tenant. The various types of arrangements between the tenant and lord were called tenures. The most common tenures provided for military service, agricultural work, economic tribute, or religious duties in exchange for land.

Cross-references

Feudalism.

tenure

n. 1) in real property, the right to possess the property. 2) in employment contracts, particularly of public employees like school teachers or professors, a guaranteed right to a job (barring substantial inability to perform or some wrongful act) once a probationary period has passed.

tenure

noun duration, holding, occupancy, period, possessio, possidere, regime, term
Associated concepts: tenure in office
Foreign phrases: Tenura est pactio contra communem feudi naturam ac rationem, in contractu interposita.Tenure is a compact contrary to the common nature and reason of the fee, put into a contract.
See also: domain, duration, enjoyment, occupancy, occupation, ownership, period, phase, possession, right, seisin, tenancy, term, time, title, use

tenure

the holding or occupying of property, especially realty, in return for services rendered, etc. See, for example FEUDAL SYSTEM.

TENURE, estates. The manner in which lands or tenements are holden.
     2. According to the English law, all lands are held mediately or immediately from the king, as lord paramount and supreme proprietor of all the lands in the kingdom. Co. Litt. 1 b, 65 a; 2 Bl. Com. 105.
     3. The idea of tenure; pervades, to a considerable degree, the law of real property in the several states; the title to land is essentially allodial, and every tenant in fee simple has an absolute and perfect title, yet in technical language, his estate is called an estate in fee simple, and the tenure free and common socage. 3 Kent, Com. 289, 290. In the states formed out of the North Western Territory, it seems that the doctrine of tenures is not in force, and that real estate is owned by an absolute and allodial title. This is owing to the wise provisions on this subject contained in the celebrated ordinance of 1787. Am. Jur. No. 21, p. 94, 5. In New York, 1 Rev. St. 718; Pennsylvania, 5 Rawle, R. 112; Connecticut, 1 Rev. L. 348 and Michigan, Mich. L. 393, feudal tenures have been abolished, and lands are held by allodial titles. South Carolina has adopted the statute, 12 C. II., c. 24, which established in England the tenure of free and common socage. 1 Brev. Dig. 136. Vide Wright on Tenures; Bro. h.t.; Treatises of Feuds and Tenures by Knight's service; 20 Vin Ab. 201; Com. Dig. h.t.; Bac. Ab. h. Thom. Co. Litt. Index, h.t.; Sulliv. Lect. Index, h.t.

References in periodicals archive ?
In his Contempt petition, Dr Ishtiaq pointed out that the Vice Chancellor and the Registrar were not complying with the IHC judgment by continuing the process of selection of professor without first ensuing his appointment as Tenured Associate Professor and eligibility for the post of TTS Professor.
Hypothesis 1c: There is a significant difference in the measure of workplace bullying between industry segments and also tenured and nontenured faculty.
Today, by comparison, nine female tenured professors make up 36 percent of the tenured faculty.
The University of Texas offered buyouts over the summer to 71 tenured professors in the College of Liberal Arts.
Certificates for specialists tenured in 2010, 2009 and 2008 have been mailed to employees, and the rest are expected to be sent by the year's end.
3) Is there a difference in tenured and non-tenured faculty in perceived importance of grant-writing motivators?
A significant portion of endowments and budgets is set aside to pay tenured faculty for however long they choose to remain.
A recent study by the American Federation of Teachers shows that even as the overall number of instructors at colleges of all types grew over the decade that ended in 2007, the percentage of fulltime tenured and tenure-track faculty contracted.
This study examines reasons for working in contingent positions and explores perceptions of job satisfaction, perceived organizational support, and quality of exchange relationships among tenured, tenure track, and contingent faculty.
2001), the Eighth Circuit held that early-retirement payments made to tenured faculty members were not wages subject to withholding.
In most recent years, the rapid increase to incorporate technology into the curriculum in institutions of higher education has led tenured professor's to question the effectiveness of traditional instruction.
While at UBC, he will also hold an academic position as tenured professor of law.