testify

(redirected from testified)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Idioms, Encyclopedia.
Related to testified: Timaeus, Timæus

Testify

To provide evidence as a witness, subject to an oath or affirmation, in order to establish a particular fact or set of facts.

Court rules require witnesses to testify about the facts they know that are relevant to the determination of the outcome of the case. Under the law a person may not testify until he is sworn in. This requirement is usually met by a witness swearing to speak the truth. A person who does not believe in appealing to God may affirm to the court that the testimony about to be given is the truth.

A witness may testify as to facts directly observed, which is called direct evidence; facts learned indirectly, which is called Circumstantial Evidence; or, in the case of an expert, an opinion the expert has formed based on facts embodied in a hypothetical question. The parties to the court proceeding are free to question a witness as to the truthfulness of the testimony or the competence of the witness.

The Fifth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution gives the defendant in a criminal trial the right not to testify, so as to avoid Self-Incrimination. In addition, the rule that a person must testify when called as a witness has several exceptions based on the existence of a special relationship between the defendant and the potential witness. Among the most important of these exceptions are confidential communications between a husband and a wife, an attorney and a client, a doctor and a patient, and a priest and penitent.

The rules of evidence govern what a person may testify about at a court proceeding. Though there are numerous exceptions, generally a witness may not testify about what she heard another say if that testimony is offered to prove the truth of the matter asserted. Such testimony is known as Hearsay. For example, if the witness testifies that he heard that john doe was married and this statement is offered to prove that John Doe was married, it is hearsay and the court will strike the testimony from the record.

Cross-references

Attorney-Client Privilege; Marital Communications Privilege; Physician-Patient Privilege; Privileged Communication.

testify

v. to give oral evidence under oath in answer to questions posed by attorneys either at trial or at a deposition (testimony under oath outside of court), with the opportunity for opposing attorneys to cross-examine the witness in regard to answers given. (See: testimony, trial, deposition, evidence)

testify

verb acknowledge openly, affirm, affirm under oath, allege, assert, asseverate, attest, aver, avow, be sworn, bear witness, declare, depone, depose, establish, express, give evidence, give one's word, indicate, make solemn declaration, profess, prove, show, state, state a fact, state a truth, swear, take one's oath, take the stand, testari, testificari, verify
Associated concepts: compulsion to testify, privilege against self-incrimination, testify in one's own defense, testify under oath
See also: acknowledge, adduce, attest, avouch, avow, bear, bespeak, certify, inform, manifest, notify, posit, promise, swear, verify, vouch, vow

testify

to give TESTIMONY.

TO TESTIFY. To give evidence according to law; the examination of a witness who declares his knowledge of facts.

References in periodicals archive ?
The reporter further testified that an election official "leaked" to her a list of over 1,000 absentee voters whose ballots were disqualified because the voters were supposedly felons.
This information pertained to the government's investigation and statements made by witnesses who testified at trial.
DeNoble, eventually concluded that nicotine is weakly reinforcing and "in the class of nonaddictive chemical compounds such as saccharin and water," Campbell testified.
Schlegel testified that Farrell used his right knee to push Cardenas back onto the ground, but that Cardenas twisted to avoid the handcuffs.
Tanay testified that if he didn't get paid his customary fee, he couldn't pay his two secretaries and his office overhead.
Over half of women and nearly one-third of men 65 and older will stay in a nursing home sometime during their lifetime," Ruddock testified.
White said Clark receives Social Security payments for a mental disability, though detectives testified they noticed no signs of mental impairment when they talked to him.
I don't remember that statement,' Bantle testified.
Edwards testified that Wong continued to pay for the sessions even after he told the commissioner he had been sexually gratified by some of the masseuses, the documents show.
Comis, President and Chairman of the Coalition, testified before the House Government Reform Committee to examine barriers to cancer clinical trial participation.
Jurcoane's daughter testified during the trial that on the day of the shootings, she heard gunshots, saw her father come home in a truck, pack his clothes and then leave.
In the San Francisco trial, where Planned Parenthood is challenging the national ban, a physician - who requested that his identity be withheld - testified that often he must separate the skull of the unborn child from its body during the abortion in order to remove the child from the woman's body.