tort claims act


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tort claims act

n. a federal or state act which, under certain conditions, waives governmental immunity and allows lawsuits by people who claim they have been harmed by torts (wrongful acts), including negligence, by government agencies or their employees. These acts also establish the procedure by which such claims are made. Before the enactment of tort claims acts, government bodies could not be sued without the specific permission of the government. The Federal version is the Federal Tort Claims Act. (See: Federal Tort Claims Act, tort)

References in periodicals archive ?
Modi based on the Alien Tort Claims Act (ATCA) and the Torture Victim Protection Act (TVPA).
The civil case before a New York court seeks compensatory and punitive damages from Modi for crimes against humanity and extrajudicial killings under the Alien Tort Claims Act and the Torture Victim Protection Act.
The human rights violation law suit against Prime Minister has been filed under the Alien Tort Claims Act (ATCA) and the Torture Victim Protection Act (TVPA) of 2013.
org), Judge Howell strains to find no jurisdiction under even the Alien Tort Claims Act, which she is forced to admit was enacted to allow for civil actions for human rights violations which occur in part outside of the United States.
He examines three campaigns in particular: efforts to pass a selective purchasing law that prohibits the state of Massachusetts from doing business with companies that also do business with Burma; a petition to decharter the Unocal Corporation over its projects in Burma; and an Alien Tort Claims Act suit brought by Burmese peasants who claimed that they were used as slave labor for a Unocal pipeline in Burma.
Claims offices in the continental United States (CONUS) are familiar with the provisions of the Federal Tort Claims Act (FTCA), 18 U.
Sometimes called the Pirate Law, the Alien Tort Claims Act (ATCA)--which allows non-U.
Because DRMC was a community hospital existing under the law of the state, the case proceeded as a bench trial pursuant to the state's Medical Tort Claims Act (MTCA).
The plaintiff alleged that the hospital waived its governmental immunity under the Tort Claims Act because the patient's injuries arose from the use or misuse of tangible personal property including the radiology room, the X-ray machine, a roller gurney, and a wall bucker.
Attorney Paul Hoffman will discuss "Pirates and Dictators: The Alien Tort Claims Act and Its Impact on International Law" as part of the UO School of Law's Global Justice at Work lecture series.
The Beijing Daily and other newspapers said the relatives -- numbering 1,900 people -- planning to take legal action in a ''third country,'' an indication that they may take the case to the United States where the Alien Tort Claims Act allows foreign citizens to sue other foreign citizens and entities for abuses of international law.