trade union

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Trade Union

An organization of workers in the same skilled occupation or related skilled occupations who act together to secure for all members favorable wages, hours, and other working conditions.

Trade unions in the United States were first organized in the early nineteenth century. The main purpose of a trade union is to collectively bargain with employers for wages, hours, and working conditions. Until the 1930s trade unions were at a severe disadvantage with management, mainly because few laws recognized the right of workers to organize. With the passage of the National Labor Relations Act (Wagner Act) of 1935 (29 U.S.C.A. § 151 et seq.), the right of employees to form, join, or aid labor unions was recognized by the federal government.

Trade unions are entitled to conduct a strike against employers. A strike is usually the last resort of a trade union, but when negotiations have reached an impasse, a strike may be the only bargaining tool left for employees.

There are two principal types of trade unions: craft unions and industrial unions. Craft unions are composed of workers performing a specific trade, such as electricians, carpenters, plumbers, or printers. Industrial union workers include all workers in a specific industry, no matter what their trade, such as automobile or steel workers. In the United States, craft and industrial unions were represented by different national labor organizations until 1955. The craft unions that dominated the american federation of labor (AFL) opposed organizing industrial workers.

During the 1930s several AFL unions seeking a national organization of industrial workers formed the Committee for Industrial Organization (CIO). The CIO aggressively organized millions of industrial workers who labored in automobile, steel, and rubber plants. In 1938 the AFL expelled the unions that had formed the CIO. The CIO then formed its own organization and changed its name to Congress of Industrial Organizations. In 1955 the AFL and CIO merged into a single organization, the AFL-CIO.

Membership in U.S. trade unions has fallen since the 1950s, as the number of workers in the manufacturing sector of the U.S. economy has steadily declined. Union membership in 1995 comprised just 14.9 percent of the workforce, compared with a high of 34.7 percent in 1954.

Cross-references

Collective Bargaining; Labor Law.

trade union

an organization (whether permanent or temporary) that consists wholly or mainly of workers all in an organization whose principal purposes include the regulation of relations between workers and employers. It is not to be treated as a body corporate but it may sue or be sued in its own name. Special rights and privileges accrue to a union that is certified as independent by the Certification Officer, who must also maintain a list of unions. The main legal benefit a union has over other bodies is the immunity that it and its members and officials have against many tort actions. However, aside from the GOLDEN FORMULAE, which must be satisfied, recent restrictions require action that is sought to be immune to be founded upon open and fair balloting of members.
References in periodicals archive ?
But as the leader of Europe's 45million trade unionists I do, and my strong view is that I hope Scotland will vote to remain in the European Union.
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With each of the four periods Alistair Reid provides thematic chapters which deal with assembly workers, process workers (which he defines as 'processing a single raw material through a variety of stages') and trade unionists and politics (with a fourth theme of general workers from the late nineteenth century).
The events at the factory had made Didacienne's name as a trade unionist, and in 1996 she was elected to the national federation of trade unions, in the post of education and training.
WASHINGTON -- To reveal atrocities surrounding the Colombia Free Trade Agreement (FTA) now under Congressional debate, the International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers (IAM) today released a slideshow exposing Colombia's heinous treatment of its workers and trade unionists.
Dave Nellist Trade Unionist and Socialist Coalition
Former Unite general secretary, Tony Woodley, rededicated the union's regional office in Churchill Way, to Jack Jones, the city-born trade unionist who fought in the Spanish Civil War and later became general secretary of the Transport and General Workers' Union.
The equally feared and respected rail union boss (pictured), who died suddenly aged 52 this week, was leader of the Trade Unionist and Socialist Coaltion party or TUSC - set up by socialists unhappy at New Labour.
A companion issue to trade unionist murders is long-term trends in three separate measures of trade union violence: murders/assassinations, kidnappings/arbitrary detentions, and death threats.
An electrician by trade Mr Roberts worked for British Steel and was an active trade unionist serving as a local convener for the EEPTU.

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