trade union

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Trade Union

An organization of workers in the same skilled occupation or related skilled occupations who act together to secure for all members favorable wages, hours, and other working conditions.

Trade unions in the United States were first organized in the early nineteenth century. The main purpose of a trade union is to collectively bargain with employers for wages, hours, and working conditions. Until the 1930s trade unions were at a severe disadvantage with management, mainly because few laws recognized the right of workers to organize. With the passage of the National Labor Relations Act (Wagner Act) of 1935 (29 U.S.C.A. § 151 et seq.), the right of employees to form, join, or aid labor unions was recognized by the federal government.

Trade unions are entitled to conduct a strike against employers. A strike is usually the last resort of a trade union, but when negotiations have reached an impasse, a strike may be the only bargaining tool left for employees.

There are two principal types of trade unions: craft unions and industrial unions. Craft unions are composed of workers performing a specific trade, such as electricians, carpenters, plumbers, or printers. Industrial union workers include all workers in a specific industry, no matter what their trade, such as automobile or steel workers. In the United States, craft and industrial unions were represented by different national labor organizations until 1955. The craft unions that dominated the american federation of labor (AFL) opposed organizing industrial workers.

During the 1930s several AFL unions seeking a national organization of industrial workers formed the Committee for Industrial Organization (CIO). The CIO aggressively organized millions of industrial workers who labored in automobile, steel, and rubber plants. In 1938 the AFL expelled the unions that had formed the CIO. The CIO then formed its own organization and changed its name to Congress of Industrial Organizations. In 1955 the AFL and CIO merged into a single organization, the AFL-CIO.

Membership in U.S. trade unions has fallen since the 1950s, as the number of workers in the manufacturing sector of the U.S. economy has steadily declined. Union membership in 1995 comprised just 14.9 percent of the workforce, compared with a high of 34.7 percent in 1954.


Collective Bargaining; Labor Law.

trade union

an organization (whether permanent or temporary) that consists wholly or mainly of workers all in an organization whose principal purposes include the regulation of relations between workers and employers. It is not to be treated as a body corporate but it may sue or be sued in its own name. Special rights and privileges accrue to a union that is certified as independent by the Certification Officer, who must also maintain a list of unions. The main legal benefit a union has over other bodies is the immunity that it and its members and officials have against many tort actions. However, aside from the GOLDEN FORMULAE, which must be satisfied, recent restrictions require action that is sought to be immune to be founded upon open and fair balloting of members.
References in periodicals archive ?
To celebrate International Workers Day Cardiff Trades Union Council, organises an annual and peaceful May Day march and rally and this year's event will take place this Saturday.
That is why we work in partnership with trades unions, who play a vital role in representing their members' interests on a wide range of issues, including developing their skills and helping the organisation to manage change.
WITH the Tories' abrasive attitude towards trades unions and the determination of the unions, clashes will be inevitable if the Tories assume Government again.
Alec McFadden, president of Merseyside Trades Union Council, successfully moved against bringing delegates to Southport at a meeting of the Trades Union Congress's(TUC) joint consultative committee.
Delegates from the five Merseyside trades union councils and others across the north west are expected.
The reality is that in the early 20th century the trades union movement founded the Labour Party, and not the other way round.
And it is not an isolated incident, says Ron Laforest, president of the Building Trades Union and business manager of the Plumbers and Pipefitters Union Local 800 in Sudbury.
Indeed in industry generally even high profile campaigns--like that of the Trades Union Congress's promotion of holidays with pay between the wars--could still be sublimated by the priority of wages.
In her book, The TUC Overseas: The Roots of Policy, Marjorie Nicholson has examined in detail the efforts of one of the world's great trade union institutions, the Trades Union Congress (TUC), to build a base of trade unionism in the British colonies.