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Transistors can be viewed as electrically controlled switches with a control terminal and two other terminals that are connected or disconnected depending on the voltage applied to the control.
Almost all potential markets for these new transistors are for arrays of large numbers of transistors, not individual transistors.
Advances in methods for growing nanowires promise to make the transistors easy to manufacture, Samuelson adds.
At the International Conference on Solid State Devices and Materials in Tokyo, AMD (NYSE:AMD) researchers detailed their creation of new triple-gate transistors using next-generation silicon-on-insulator (SOI) and advanced metal gate technologies.
Technology had to be developed to let devices accurately ``read'' the information off the newfangled transistors.
The gate turns the transistor on and off and the gate dielectric is an insulator underneath it that separates it from the channel where current flows.
Other than getting smaller, the basic transistor has largely gone unchanged for decades, but it has now been shrunk nearly to a point where it will cease to function.
With more than 30 million Freescale RF power transistors housed in over-molded plastic packages in the field, this packaging technology is market-tested and steadily evolving with respect to achievable power levels and operating frequencies.
The result: a transistor that electrons zip through more quickly and with less heat-inducing electrical resistance.
IBM expects the new transistor will drive communications chips to speeds of 100GHz within two years -- five times faster and four years sooner than recently-announced competitive approaches.
Key to the exceptional production efficiencies in the newly developed 50nm process is the use of a selective epitaxial growth transistor (SEG Tr).
This is the first time I've seen a transparent transistor on a plastic substrate with such high performance," says Edzer Huitema of Philips Research Laboratories in Eindhoven, the Netherlands.