treasure trove

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treasure trove

in England, valuables found hidden without anyone knowing to whom they belong, belong to the Crown. See TREASURE.

TREASURE TROVE. Found treasure.
     2. This name is given to such money or coin, gold, silver, plate, or bullion, which having been hidden or concealed in the earth or other private place, so long that its owner is unknown, has been discovered by accident. Should the owner be found it must be restored to him; and in case of not finding him, the property, according to the English law, belongs to the king. In the latter case, by the civil law, when the treasure was found by the owner of the soil, he was considered as entitled to it by the double title of owner and finder; when found on another's property, one-half belonged to the owner of the estate, and the other to the finder; when found on public property, it belonged one-half to the public treasury, and the other to the finder. Lecons du Dr. Rom. Sec. 350-352. This includes not only gold and silver, but whatever may constitute riches, as vases, urns, statues, &c.
     3. The Roman definition includes the same things under the word pecunia; but the thing found must have a commercial value for ancient tombs would not be considered a treasure. The thing must have been hidden or concealed in the earth; and no one must be able to establish his right to it. It must be found, by a pure accident, and not in consequence of search. Dall. Dict. Propriete, art. 3, s. 3.
     4. According to the French law, le tresor est toute chose cachee ou enfouie, sur laquelle personne ne peut justifier sa propriete, et qui est decouverte par lo pur effet du hasard. Code Civ. 716. Vide 4 Toull. n. 34. Vide, generally, 20 Vin. Abr. 414; 7 Com. Dig. 649; 1 Bro. Civ. Law, 237; 1 Blackstone's Comm. 295; Poth. Traite du Dr. de Propreite, art. 4.

References in periodicals archive ?
William Bartlett, the diver who tracked down the trove, said that "the gold looks like it fell into the water yesterday.
Trove is a brilliant world to begin building in and even the most dedicated Minecrafters would be advised to take a peek on the other side of the voxel fence.
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The announcement came as further works of art were discovered hidden at a house belonging to Gurlitt in Salzburg -- a trove that Austrian television said included a long-lost painting by Claude Monet.
The trove is believed to include works by Matisse, Picasso and Chagall, the news magazine Focus reports.
Scotland has stricter laws on treasure trove, which belong to the crown, but David still made pounds 462,000.
Intelligence officials said the trove shows how the terror group works and provides evidence that bin Laden was helping plot attacks on US targets.
The Archaeological Department officials headed by director Chenna Reddy launched the treasure hunt on Sunday morning in the premises of a private school opposite the state secretariat in Hyderabad, after a group of nine people, including an official of Coal India Limited, Rama Raju, made a representation that a treasure trove worth Rs200 billion (Dh14 billion) was hidden there.
The National Library of Australia was well represented with papers on Trove and Music Australia developments, cataloguing progress and the use of ISMN in Australia and how it can be used to track the state of music publishing.
At the treasure trove inquest at Leamington Spa Town Hall, coroner for Coventry and Warwickshire Sean McGovern heard it was a "very significant find".
Ian Ralston, a professor at Edinburgh University who sits on the Treasure Trove panel, said that some significant archaeological finds had been unearthed in Scotland this year.
Actor John Carlyle is known primarily as the sometime lover of Judy Garland, but his book Under the Rainbow: An Intimate Memoir of Judy Garland, Rock Hudson and My Life in Old Hollywood (Carroll and Graf) is more than a kiss and tell: It's a treasure trove of gay Tinseltown secrets.