umpire

(redirected from umpiring)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.

Umpire

A person chosen to decide a question in a controversy that has been submitted to Arbitration but has not been resolved because the arbitrators cannot reach agreement, or one who has been chosen to be a permanent arbitrator for the duration of a collective bargaining agreement.

Arbitration is the submission of a dispute to an unbiased third person designated by the parties to the controversy, who agree in advance to comply with the decision. Arbitration is quicker, less expensive, and more informal than a court proceeding. Commercial arbitration and labor arbitration are commonplace in the United States. Persons who hear these types of dispute resolution cases are called arbitrators and umpires. Umpires are used either to break an impasse in arbitration or to serve as specialized, long-term decision makers.

An arbitrator is a person selected by the parties to hear the dispute. An arbitrator must be mutually agreed upon by the parties and may be named, for example, in a labor-management Collective Bargaining agreement or may be chosen after the dispute has arisen. In labor arbitration a single arbitrator may hear a case, but frequently a three-member arbitration panel hears the dispute. The three members consist of an arbitrator selected by management, another chosen by labor, and a chairperson selected either by the parties or by the two arbitrators appointed by the parties. The arbitrators selected by the parties act like advocates, but the chairperson is expected to be neutral.

If the three-person panel cannot agree on a decision, the arbitrators may name an umpire to decide the controversy. The umpire acts independently and is vested with the sole authority to decide the issues that have been presented.

An umpire is also sometimes used in labormanagement grievance proceedings. In this situation a single, permanent umpire is appointed to resolve disputes for the term of the collective bargaining agreement. The umpire becomes familiar with the economic, financial, and dayto-day working conditions of an industry and may rely on precedents developed by previous umpires. This form of umpire system began in the anthracite coal mining industry in the early 1900s and has been used in other industries, including clothing manufacturing and newspaper printing.

Cross-references

Alternative Dispute Resolution; Grievance Procedure; Labor Law; Labor Union.

umpire

noun adjudicator, arbiter, arbitrator, disceptator, go-between, interagent, intercessor, intermediator, intermedium, intervenor, judge, mediator, moderator, peacemaker, reconciler, referee
See also: decide, go-between, intercede, judge, mediate, negotiate, referee, rule

UMPIRE. A person selected by two or more arbitrators. When they are authorize to do so by the submission of the parties, and they cannot agree as to the subject-matter referred to them, whose duty it is to decide the matter in dispute. Sometimes the term is applied to a single arbitrator, selected by the parties themselves. Kyd on Awards, 6, 75, 77 Caldw. on Arb. 38; Dane's Ab. Index, h.t.; 3 Vin. Ab. 93; Com. Dig. Arbitrament, F; 4 Dall. 271, 432; 4 Sco. N. S. 378; Bouv. Inst. Index, h.t.

References in periodicals archive ?
How different is umpiring indoor cricket from outdoor?
Of those, only Vishwanath continues to umpire till today while the others have given up umpiring for different reasons and chosen either television commentary or coaching.
The ICC has now sent its reply to the PCB and said that none of the umpiring errors were intentional and were just human errors," the source stated.
The end product, this report, is essentially a compilation of the individual authored reports summarizing the actions of the umpiring crew throughout the game.
Few umpires want to offend Wendelstedt, who inherited his father's umpiring school in Ormond Beach, FL where the instructors are invited MLB umpires.
Having all those teams I then realised I needed an umpire, so I got the qualifications and turned my attention to umpiring rather than playing.
What we have seen over the last week is a lot of criticism of umpiring decisions and a lot of ill feeling," he said.
The overall standard of umpiring is very high" said Wright, whose assessments, along with those of the captains, help umpires to progress to higher levels.
Taking some of the bloom off the rose was some truly inferior umpiring in key games.
I'VE got the solution to the crisis which is facing cricket now that every umpiring error is highlighted by the big TV screens which dominate Test grounds.
Their average age was 43 years, and their average umpiring experience was 13.
Each student invests $800 for tuition and room rent, plus at least that much for meals, entertainment and other expenses, during a five-week, intensified umpiring course.