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The argument assumes (i) that whatever is both voluntary and properly informed is a central instance of will, (ii) that what is voluntary is uncompelled and intentional, (iii) that "all things considered," judgment is sometimes truly better or best, and thus, is rational judgment, and (iv) that any particular reason for action or choice is something that counts, or at least seems to count, in favor of doing the action or making the choice.
They challenge the idea that akrasia is uncompelled, as Gary Watson does in his effective and widely acknowledged piece.
Even if we were to grant the favored a priori or theoretical connection between intention (and so on) and reason, there would still be the difficulty of explaining, specifically, how compulsion or diminished cognitive ability (or the like) was involved in those akratic actions where, for all we can tell, the akratic agent was uncompelled and perfectly aware of what he was doing.
For example, a criminal defendant who makes an uncompelled confession satisfying the requirements of the Fifth Amendment but not the requirements of Miranda v.
Moreover, the conduct is entirely rational and uncompelled.
Agency is the process of deliberative, uncompelled personal action that actualizes potentiality.
This is possible, compatibilists contend, because as long as we act according to our uncompelled preferences, we are effectively exercising free will.