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VACANCY. A place which is empty. The term is principally applied to cases where an office is not filled.
     2. By the constitution of the United States, the president has the power to fill up vacancies that may happen during the recess of the senate. Whether the president can create an office and fill it during the recess of the senate, seems to have been much questioned. Story, Const. Sec. 1553. See Serg. Const. Law, ch. 31; 1 Breese, R. 70.

References in classic literature ?
Immediately after this clause follows another in these words: "The President shall have power to fill up all VACANCIES that may happen DURING THE RECESS OF THE SENATE, by granting commissions which shall EXPIRE AT THE END OF THEIR NEXT SESSION.
The last of these two clauses, it is equally clear, cannot be understood to comprehend the power of filling vacancies in the Senate, for the following reasons: First.
The Seats of the Senators of the first Class shall be vacated at the expiration of the second Year, of the second Class at the expiration of the fourth Year, and of the third Class at the expiration of the sixth Year, so that one third may be chosen every second Year; and if vacancies happen by Resignation, or otherwise, during the recess of the Legislature of any State, the Executive thereof may make temporary Appointments until the next meeting of the Legislature, which shall then fill such Vacancies.
Why, I wonder at that, for you are eligible yourself for one of the vacancies.
As tree after tree came whistling down, he cast his eyes upward at the vacancies they left in the heavens, with a melancholy gaze, and finally turned away, muttering to himself with a bitter smile, like one who disdained giving a more audible utterance to his discontent.
Muscat, July 1 (ONA) Ministry of Civil Service announced today 601 job vacancies in the governorates of the Sultanate and various ministries and government units under the Civil Service Law and its implementing regulations.
When analyzed by region, the statistics reveal that most vacancies are in the capital, 3,543, and the region of Pelagonija, 839.
In the first quarter of this year, there were 6,749 vacancies in Macedonia most of which, 3,543, in Skopje region.
Muscat: The Ministry of Civil Service has announced that preliminary data for vacancy announcement issued by the ministry on February 28, this year for 2,317 vacancies in different ministries shows the number of applicants has exceeded 45,000.
There were 32,500 vacancies in the private sector, according to the study, which was the first spring survey of Oregon job vacancies since 2009.
Taipei, June 25, 2012 (CENS)--Due to the global economic slowdown, the number of job vacancies in Taiwan decreased by 30,000 in February 2012 from a year earlier, causing the job vacancy to drop to 2.