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Related to ventricular septal defect: patent ductus arteriosus, atrial septal defect


Imperfection, flaw, or deficiency.

That which is subject to a defect is missing a requisite element and, therefore, is not legally binding. Defective Service of Process, for example, is service that does not comply with a procedural or jurisdictional requirement. A defective will is one that has not been properly drawn up, has been obtained by unlawful means, or does not comply with a particular law. In some cases, however, defects can be cured; for example, defective service of process can be cured by the service of an amended complaint.

In Product Liability, a defective product is one that cannot be used for the purposes intended or is made dangerous as a result of a flaw or imperfection. Such a defect might exist in the entire design of a product or in the production of a particular individual product. A latent defect is one that is not readily observable by the buyer of an item, whereas a patent defect is obvious or immediately apparent upon observation.

A fatal defect is one that, due to its serious nature, serves to nullify a contract.


n. an imperfection, quite often so great that the machinery or written document cannot be used. A car that will not run or has faulty brakes has a defect, and so does a deed in which a party who signed the deed to give over property did not have title to the property. There are also minor defects, like scratches that only lessen value, but do not make an object useless. (See: defective, defective title)


noun blemish, blot, damage, deficiency, demerit, deviation, drawback, failing, fault, flaw, foible, frailty, impairment, imperfection, inadequacy, incompleteness, incompletion, infirmity, insufficiency, lack, mistake, mutilation, shortcoming, weakness
Associated concepts: actionable defect, concealed defect, cure of defects, dangerous defect, defect appearing upon face of record, defect in description, defect in form, defect in material or workmanship, defect in title, defect of parties, defect of substance, hidden defects, immaterial defects, innerent defect, jurisdictional defect, knowledge of defect, laaent defect, legal defect, material defect, mental defect, obbious defect, open and obvious defect, patent defect, products liability, structural defects


verb abandon allegiance, abdicate, abscond, apostasize, back out, be disloyal, betray, break away, break fealty, break with, cast off, change sides, default, demit, desert, disavow, disobey, disown, forsake, leave, leave unlawfully, mutiny, prove treacherous, quit, rebel, renege, renounce, repudiate, resign, revolt, run away, secede, tergiversate, transfer, violate one's oath, withdraw one's support
See also: abandon, defacement, deficiency, depart, disadvantage, disease, disqualification, drawback, evacuate, fault, flaw, foible, frailty, handicap, leave, part, quit, stigma, vice


in the law of tort or delict, a defect exists if the safety of the product is not such as persons generally are entitled to expect. In terms of the Consumer Protection Act 1987, defect is further explained as involving an examination of all the circumstances, including: the manner in which, and purposes for which, the product has been marketed; its get-up; the use of any mark in relation to the product and any instructions for, or warnings with respect to, doing or refraining from doing anything with or in relation to the product; what might reasonably be expected to be done with or in relation to the product; and the time when the product was supplied by its producer to another. Even if a product is defective, that is not enough to establish liability, particularly in light of the defences available.

DEFECT. The want of something required by law.
     2. It is a general rule that pleadings shall have these two requisites; 1. A matter sufficient in law. 2. That it be deduced and expressed according to the forms of law. The want of either of these is a defect.
     3. Defects in matters of substance cannot be cured, because it does not appear that the plaintiff is entitled to recover; but when the defects are in matter of form, they are cured by a verdict in favor of the party who committed them. 3 Bouv. Inst. n. 3292; 2 Wash. 1; 1 Hen. & Munf. 153; 16 Pick. 128, 541; 1 Day, 315; 4 Conn, 190; 5 Conn. 416; 6 Conn. 176; 12 Conn. 455; 1 P. C. C. R. 76; 2 Green, 133; 4 Blackf. 107; 2 M'Lean, 35; Bac. Ab. Verdict, X.

References in periodicals archive ?
Our experience suggests that doubly committed subarterial ventricular septal defect is not only more prevalent in our population (Asian) but also more associated with aortic valve insufficiency in comparison to western ethnic population.
10] exposure and multiple congenital heart defects, but not isolated atrial and atrial septal defects, ventricular septal defect, or patent ductus arteriosus, at an average [PM.
Prevalence and risk factors of arrhythmias after transcatheter closure of ventricular septal defect in children (in Chinese).
Anesthetic management of an adult patient with uncorrected ventricular septal defect posted for open cholecystectomy.
4 ml of 50% ethanol/egg), 74% occurrence of aortic and ventricular septal defects were seen.
Diagnosis Frequency (n) Age in years median (IQR) * Atrial septal defect 251 32(23-32) Ventricular septal defect 126 21(17-21) Patent ductus arteriosus 8 25(18-25) Pulmonary valve stenosis 17 28(18-28) D-transposition of great arteries 30 21(19-21) L-transposition of great arteries 12 24(18-24) Fontan circulation 36 20(17-20) Coarctation of aorta 13 21(16-21) Ebstein anomaly 18 27(21-27) Tetralogy of Fallot 61 21(17-21) Bicuspid aortic valve 21 26(19-26) Atrioventricular septal defect 7 23(20-23) Overall 600 24(19-24) Diagnosis Gender male/ female (%) Atrial septal defect 38.
17 Yang R Sheng Y Cao K Kong X Xu D Yong Y et al: Transcatheter closure of perimembranous ventricular septal defect in children: safety and efficiency with symmetric and asymmetric occluders.
3-5) Delayed sequelae of cardiac injury include ventricular dilation, ventricular dysfunction, septal hypokinesia, pericardial effusion, (6) valve insufficiency, abnormal ST-T, conduction defects, myocardial infarction, cardiomegaly, paradoxical septum, arrhythmia, and ventricular septal defects (VSD).
The 23-year-old, who has Down's syndrome, severe learning difficulties and ventricular septal defect, is currently studying for a supported apprenticeship in catering.
When analyzed by preoperative diagnoses the data revealed that children with a single ventricle undergoing banding had a significantly lower 30-day mortality rate of 12% as compared to other preoperative diagnoses including atrioventricular canal truncus arteriosus and ventricular septal defect (VSD) at 30%.
The hospital performed 642 CABG surgeries, 253 Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) and Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD) procedures besides 978 Valve replacement surgeries during 2013.
Long-term mortality is reduced if the patient with acquired ventricular septal defect is emergently operated, if there is significant hemodynamic alteration (3).

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