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noun condition, fitness, freedom from aillent, freedom from disease, haleness, hardiness, physical condition, robustness, ruggedness, salubrity, salus, sanitas, soundness, soundness of body, stamina, state of health, strength, sturdiness, vigor, vitality, well-being, wholesomeness
Associated concepts: bill of health, board of health, dangerrus to health, department of health, health care, health eddcation and welfare, health insurance, impairment of health, mental health, public health and safety, public health law, sanitary code

HEALTH. Freedom from pain or sickness; the most perfect state of animal life. It may be defined, the natural agreement and concordant dispositions of the parts of the living body.
     2. Public health is an object of the utmost importance and has attracted the attention of the national and state legislatures.
     3. By the act of Congress of the 25th of February, 1799, 1 Story's L. U. S. 564, it is enacted: 1. That the quarantines and other restraints, which shall be established by the laws of any state, respecting any vessels arriving in or bound to any port or district thereof, whether coming from a foreign port or some other part of the United States, shall be observed and enforced by all officers of the United States, in such place. Sect. 1. 2. In times of contagion the collectors of the revenue may remove, under the provisions of the act, into another district. Sect. 4. 3. The judge of any district court may, when a contagious disorder prevails in his district, cause the removal of persons confined in prison under the laws of the United States, into another district. Sect. 5. 4. In case of the prevalence of a contagious disease at the seat of government, the president of the United States may direct the removal of any or all public offices to a place of safety. Sect. 6. 5. In case of such contagious disease, at the seat of government, the chief justice, or in case of his death or inability, the senior associate justice of the supreme court of the United States, may issue his warrant to the marshal of the district court within which the supreme court is by law to be holden, directing him to adjourn the said session of the said court to such other place within the same or adjoining district as he may deem convenient. And the district judges may, under the same circumstances, have the same power to adjourn to some other part of their several districts. Sect. 7.
     3. Offences against the provisions of the health laws are generally punished by fine and imprisonment. These are offences against public health, punishable by the common law by fine and imprisonment, such for example, as selling unwholesome provisions. 4 Bl. Com. 162; 2 East's P. C. 822; 6 East, R.133 to 141; 3 M. & S. 10; 4 Campb. R. 10.
     4. Private injuries affecting a man's health arise upon a breach of contract, express or implied; or in consequence of some tortious act unconnected with a contract.
     5.-1. Those injuries to health which arise upon contract are, 1st. The misconduct of medical men, when, through neglect, ignorance, or wanton experiments, they injure their patients. 1 Saund. 312, n. 2. 2d. By the sale of unwholesome food; though the law does not consider a sale to be a warranty as to the goodness or quality of a personal chattel, it is otherwise with regard to food and liquors. 1 Rolle's Ab. 90, pl. 1, 2.
     6.-2. Those injuries which affect a man's health, and which arise from tortious acts unconnected with contracts, are, 1st. Private nuisances. 2d. Public nuisances. 3d. Breaking quarantine. 4th. By sudden alarms, and frightening; as by raising a pretended ghost. 4 Bl. Com. 197, 201, note 25; 1 Hale, 429; Smith's Forens. Med. 37 to 39; 1 Paris & Fonbl. 351, 352. For private injuries affecting his health a man may generally have an action on the case.

References in periodicals archive ?
From the veterinary public health point of view the following challenges were noted:
There was no road map for the work he did--he was a pioneer, creating CDC's veterinary public health program.
In September 2011, an outbreak of Anthrax was reported to the OIE by the Department for Veterinary Public Health, Nutrition and Food Safety, Ministry of Health.
Our pledge in this regard is guided by the responsibility bestowed upon us as the department, that of improving the quality of animal health by preventing and controlling animal diseases through vaccination programmes, rendering of clinical diagnosis, veterinary public health service and provision of animal feed .
In keeping with the goals and objectives of the FYGVE program, the base curriculum provides FYGVE interns the opportunity to build upon their professional education and the Army Medical Department Basic Officer Leader Course, experiencing hands-on training in 3 broad-focus areas required of an entry-level VCO: veterinary public health, veterinary clinical medicine, and military leadership.
Finally, from a veterinary public health perspective, B.
Aware that his counterparts at Ohio State University had a similar desire, Wells reached out to Armando Hoet, DVM, PhD, director of the Veterinary Public Health Program at Ohio State University's College of Veterinary Medicine.
The public can also help by reporting any dead crows, ravens, magpies, jays, owls and hawks that they find to the county's veterinary public health department at (877) 747-2243 or the state at (877) 968-2473 (WNV- BIRD).
In January 2010, newly matriculated freshman students at AUA's School of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences will be able to enroll in dual programs that enable them to obtain a master's degree in biomedical sciences or veterinary public health in addition to the completion of the preclinical sciences program.
As CVO Scotland, Professor Milne provided high quality and timely veterinary advice on the prevention and control of exotic and endemic animal disease, veterinary public health, international trade and animal welfare, Mr Walsh said.
To fulfill that need, an impending DoD directive will codify the Service's primary mission as food protection, animal health, veterinary public health, and support of research, development, test, and evaluation.

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