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Satire is situated in the opposition between "laus et vituperatio," that is, praise and blame.
The Ejercicios is a pedagogical tool organized around the structure of Aphthonius's progymnasmata, from which the titles of Torres's fourteen "Exercises" are derived: Fabula, Sententia, Refutatio, Confirmatio, Laus, and Vituperatio, to mention a few.
Progymnasmata are specific exercises with an increasing degree of difficulty, starting with the fable and narration, and via chreia and maxim, refutation and confirmation, koinos topos--commonplace, encomium and vituperatio (praise and blaim), ethopeiaspeech--in-character and description, ending with the thesis and proposal of a law.
ut mihi merito subiret vituperatio totius sexus, cum viderem puellam, proci iuvenis amore nuptiarumque castarum desiderio simulato, lupanaris spurci sordidique subito delectari nomine; et tunc quidem totarum mulierum secta moresque de asini pendebant iudicio.
Bertran de Born, `a good hater if ever there was one', (25) refers to Eudoxia in a poem, probably dating from 1183-4, which is characterized by sustained vituperatio drawing on hostile gossip.
Using the rhetorical mode laus et vituperatio as his motif, Hill carries out that strategy, praising on the one hand while condemning on the other, that brings together a hymn to the Blessed Virgin and a satire on the state of Europe at the end of the millennium.
Hill is also much concerned with praise and blame, or laus and vituperatio as he loftily terms them.