voluntary


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Related to voluntary: voluntary movement, Voluntary migration

voluntary

adjective conative, deliberate, designed, discretionary, effected by choice, elective, facultative, free, intended, intentional, optional, purposeful, unaccidental, unbidden, uncoerced, uncompelled, unconstrained, unforced, unprompted, unrestrained, volens, volitient, volitional, volitionary, willful, without compulsion, without constraint
Associated concepts: voluntary abandonment, voluntary acceptance, voluntary act, voluntary agreement, voluntary appearance, voluntary assignment, voluntary confession, voluntary conveyance, voluntary discontinuance, voluntary dismissal, voluntary exposure, voluntary gift, voluntary grant, voluntary homocide, voluntary manslaughter, volunnary partition, voluntary payment, voluntary petition in bankruptcy, voluntary retirement, voluntary separation, voluntary statement, voluntary suspension, voluntary testiiony, voluntary trust, voluntary waste
See also: consenting, deliberate, gratis, gratuitous, spontaneous, unsolicited, willful, willing

VOLUNTARY. Willingly; done with one's consent; negligently. Wolff, Sec. 5.
     2. To render an act criminal or tortious it must be voluntary. If a man, therefore, kill another without a will on his part, while engaged in the performance of a lawful act, and having taken proper care to prevent it, he is not guilty of any crime. And if he commit an injury to the person or property of another, he is not liable for damages, unless the act has been voluntary or through negligence, as when a collision takes place between two ships without any fault in either. 2 Dobs. R. 83 3 Hagg. Adm. R. 320, 414.
     3. When the crime or injury happens in the performance of an unlawful act, the party will be considered as having acted voluntarily.
     4. A negligent escape permitted by an officer having the custody of a prisoner will be presumed as voluntary; under a declaration or count charging the escape to have been voluntary, the party will, therefore, be allowed to give a negligent escape in evidence. 1 Saund. 35, n. 1. So Will.

References in classic literature ?
They probably fancied that my sole object -- and, indeed, the sole object for which a sane man could ever put himself into voluntary motion -- was to get an appetite for dinner.
By their voluntary association they recognized their allegiance to the government of Britain, and in process of time received whatever powers and authorities could be conferred upon them by a charter from their sovereign.
But supposing the beauty equal on both sides, it does not follow that the inclinations must be therefore alike, for it is not every beauty that excites love, some but pleasing the eye without winning the affection; and if every sort of beauty excited love and won the heart, the will would wander vaguely to and fro unable to make choice of any; for as there is an infinity of beautiful objects there must be an infinity of inclinations, and true love, I have heard it said, is indivisible, and must be voluntary and not compelled.
And we can never suppose that it would embrace the appointments to the Senate, unless we can at the same time suppose the voluntary co-operation of the State legislatures.
And Lycurgus, more true to his object, was under the necessity of mixing a portion of violence with the authority of superstition, and of securing his final success by a voluntary renunciation, first of his country, and then of his life.
I do not believe that I am made of the stuff which constitutes heroes, because, in all of the hundreds of instances that my voluntary acts have placed me face to face with death, I cannot recall a single one where any alternative step to that I took occurred to me until many hours later.
He went to call indeed; but he was perhaps relieved to be denied admittance; perhaps, in his heart, he preferred to speak with Poole upon the doorstep and surrounded by the air and sounds of the open city, rather than to be admitted into that house of voluntary bondage, and to sit and speak with its inscrutable recluse.
All this time no one prolonged his voluntary task beyond the prescribed time.
A suttee," returned the general, "is a human sacrifice, but a voluntary one.
It was late before the Archon granted a comic chorus to a poet; the performers were till then voluntary.
Then he raised to his lips the repast that, like a voluntary Tantalus, he refused himself; but he thought of his oath, and he would not break it.
Darcy gave him a voluntary promise of providing for me, I am convinced that he felt it to be as much a debt of gratitude to HIM, as of his affection to myself.