war crime


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war crime

a concept of international law that denotes prohibited activities even during the carnage of war. It includes crimes against humanity, genocide and mistreatment of civilians and captured combatants. The problem has been that familiar in international law of enforcement. The high point of recognition was in the Nuremberg trials of German politicians, soldiers and others after the Second World War. In more recent times, the establishment of a war crimes tribunal, which has tried individuals during a state of conflict, has lent the concept a stronger core.

The statute of the International Criminal Court defines war crimes. It is directed to conduct which takes place in the context of and was associated with an international armed conflict where the perpetrator was aware of factual circumstances that established the existence of an armed conflict. The enumerated crimes are: the transfer, directly or indirectly, by the Occupying Power of parts of its own civilian population into the territory it occupies, or the deportation or transfer of all or parts of the population of the occupied territory within or outside this territory; attacking protected objects; attacking undefended places; attacking personnel or objects involved in a humanitarian assistance or peacekeeping mission; attacking objects or persons using the distinctive emblems of the Geneva Conventions; attacking civilians; attacking civilian objects; biological experiments; compelling service in hostile forces; compelling participation in military operations; cruel treatment; denying quarter; depriving the nationals of the hostile power of rights or actions; destroying or seizing the enemy's property; destruction and appropriation of property; employing prohibited bullets; employing prohibited gases, liquids, materials or devices; employing poison or poisoned weapons; enforced sterilization; enforced prostitution; excessive incidental death, injury, or damage; forced pregnancy; improper use of a flag, insignia or uniform of the hostile party; improper use of the distinctive emblems of the Geneva Conventions; improper use of a flag of truce; improper use of a flag, insignia or uniform of the United Nations; inhuman treatment; killing or wounding a person hors de combat; medical or scientific experiments; murder; mutilation; outrages upon personal dignity; pillaging; rape; sentencing or execution without due process; sexual violence; sexual slavery; starvation as a method of warfare; taking hostages; torture; treacherously killing or wounding; unlawful deportation and transfer; unlawful confinement; using protected persons as shields; wilful killing; wilfully causing great suffering.

References in periodicals archive ?
12) War Crimes Act s 3 (definition of 'war crime').
The USA and NATO forces have done such war crimes many times not only in Afghanistan but also in other war ravaged countries, e.
As Hanley remembered it, his mission "was to document war crimes revealed in the interrogation of prisoners of war .
If it is referred to the International war crime tribunal, the Security Council can establish a special court to look into the accusations against it and whether it committed war crimes in the Gaza Strip, just like when a special tribunal was created for Lebanon, Cambodia, Rwanda, East Timor and others.
109-XX [public law number not yet assigned]), approved by Congress in September 2006, the War Crimes Act criminalizes only those Common Article 3 violations labeled as "grave breaches.
Majid Rafizadeh An international tribunal might not be as powerful as the ICC but, if it indicted those senior Iranian leaders who are responsible for war crimes in Syria, other states could pursue various steps to hold those leaders accountable; such as freezing their assets, issuing visa bans against them, and refraining from negotiating with them.
Del Ponte, 70, who prosecuted war crimes in Rwanda and former Yugoslavia, announced last week that she was stepping down from her role in frustration at the U.
Several countries have already begun their own investigations into war crimes in Syria including Sweden which prosecuted a former Syrian opposition fighter for war crimes in December 2016.
The International Criminal Court is moving toward investigating a broader range of war crimes including land grabs and environmental destruction
This enabled entity judges and prosecutors to put the technology to test and to discuss the procedural aspects of war crimes processing.
Motiur Rahman Nizami, the leader of the top Islamist party Jamaat-e-Islami, was hanged in Bangladesh early Wednesday for war crimes committed during the 1971 war of independence to break away from Pakistan.