wreck

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wreck

in maritime law, goods cast ashore from a wrecked vessel.

WRECK, mar. law. A wreck (called in law Latin, wreccum maris, and in law French, wrec de mer,) signifies such goods, as after a shipwreck, are cast upon land by the sea, and left there within some county, so as not to belong to the jurisdiction of the admiralty, but to the common law. 2 Inst. 167; Bract. 1. 3, c. 3; Mirror, c. 1, s. 13, and c. 3.
     2. The term `wreck of the sea' includes, 1. Goods found at low water, between high and low water mark; and 2. Goods between the same limits, partly resting on the ground, but still moved by the water. 3 Hagg. Adm. R. 257.
     3. When goods have touched the ground, and have again been floated by the tide, and are within low water mark; whether they are to be considered wreck will depend upon the circumstances whether they were, seized by a person wading, or swimming, or in a boat. 3 Hagg. Adm. R. 294. But if a human being, or even an animal, as a dog, cat, hawk, &c. escape alive from the ship, or if there be any marks upon the goods by which they may be known again, they are not, at common law, considered as wrecked. 5 Burr. 2738-9; 2 Chit. Com. Law, c. 6, p. 102; 2 Kent, Com. 292; 22 Vin. Ab. 535; 1 Bro. Civ. Law, 238; Park, Ins. Index, h.t.; Molloy, Jur. Mar. Index, h.t.
     4. The act of congress of March 1, 1823, provides, Sec. 21, That, before any goods, wares or merchandise, which may be taken from any wreck, shall be admitted to an entry, the same shall be appraised in the manner prescribed in the sixteenth section of this act and the same proceedings shall be ordered and executed in all cases where a reduction of duties shall be claimed on account of damage which any goods, wares, or merchandise, shall have sustained in the course of the voyage and in all cases where the owner, importer, consignee, or agent, shall be dissatisfied with such appraisement, he shall be entitled to the privileges provided in the eighteenth section of this act. Vide Naufrage.

References in classic literature ?
It ought to have been left with the skeletons of the ancient Spaniards, who had been drowned when the ship was wrecked, and whose bones were now scattered among the gold and silver.
No, David," I admitted, "I can't do it, but of course I know that all wrecked boys do it quite easily.
David was now firmly convinced that he had once been wrecked on an island, while Oliver passed his days in dubiety.
Ten years have elapsed," said I, "since I last spoke, and our two heroes, now gay young men, are revisiting the wrecked island of their childhood.
He possessed a share in a fishing establishment on the shores of the Zuyder Zee; and he was on his way to establish a correspondence with the fisheries in the North of Scotland when the vessel was wrecked.
The Star of Hope was wrecked in 1883 in Force 10 gales as it approached Liverpool from Wilmington, in North Carolina, with a cargo of cotton for the Lancashire mills.
The anchor probably came from a Spanish galleon known to be wrecked in the area.
The team is now trying to put the data together having are more than 8,000 photographs through which they can make a high-resolution 3D model of the wrecked site.
In the last three months, six Ferrari 458 Italia models have been involved in accidents, three have caught fire, and one was wrecked in a warehouse blaze.
Gordon Brown, not content with wrecking the economy, is allowing the clocks to be turned back to the 1970s when the unions wrecked the country.
SCAVENGERS who snatched pounds 1million in BMW motorbikes and car parts that were washed onto a Devon beach from a wrecked ship have been told they can keep them.
Both drivers came away with wrecked cars after trying out the new surface.