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United; coupled together in interest; shared between two or more persons; not solitary in interest or action but acting together or in unison. A combined, undivided effort or undertaking involving two or more individuals. Produced by or involving the concurring action of two or more; united in or possessing a common relation, action, or interest. To share common rights, duties, and liabilities.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


adj., adv. referring to property, rights or obligations which are united, undivided and shared by two or more persons or entities. Thus, a joint property held by both cannot be effectively transferred unless all owners join in the transaction. If a creditor sues to collect a joint debt, he/she must include all the debtors in the lawsuit, unless the debt is specifically "joint and several," meaning anyone of the debtors may be individually liable. Therefore, care must be taken in drafting deeds, sales agreements, promissory notes, joint venture agreements, and other documents. A joint tenancy is treated specially, since it includes the right of the survivor to get the entire property when the other dies (right of survivorship). (See: joint tenancy, joint and several, joint venture, tenancy in common)

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.

JOINT. United, not separate; as, joint action, or one which is brought by several persons acting together; joint bond, a bond given by two or more obligors.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
They are thought to occur secondary to chronic rotator cuff tears with AC joint arthritis.
Running and cycling were resumed; however, swimming was delayed to protect the AC joint. At one year, the shoulder had full range of motion and activities of daily living were pain-free.
According to the Rockwood classification (1), there are six types of AC joint injuries (Table 1).
Anatomical reduction of the AC joint was confirmed intraoperatively with an image intensifier and a K-wire (1.8 mm) was used to temporarily hold the reduction.
The AC joint is a diarthrodial joint with an intra-articular meniscus and a surrounding joint capsule.
The AC joint is where the acromion (a part of the scapula) and the clavicle meet.
"I have been carrying a shoulder problem since the Gloucester game a few weeks back, a bang to my AC joint, and just having a bit of respite on that means I am back fit and ready.
Dislocation of the AC joint is classified into six groups according to the direction and extent of the clavicle against acromion and ligament injury.
Taylor landed heavily on his left shoulder while attempting to take a catch in the first Twenty20 match of the series, sustaining an injury to his AC joint in the process.
Darzins, who last season was a teammate of Karsums in Riga before signing a longterm contract with Ak Bars, had a less than memorable initiation into his new club after seriously injuring his AC joint in his club's 15th game of the regular season.
Clavicle fractures and AC joint separation are injuries that are most often related to sport activities.