alderman

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ALDERMAN. An officer, generally appointed or elected in towns corporate, or cities, possessing various powers in different places.
     2. The aldermen of the cities of Pennsylvania, possess all the powers and jurisdictions civil and criminal of justices of the peace. They are besides, in conjunction with the respective mayors or recorders, judges of the mayor's courts.
     3. Among the Saxons there was an officer called the ealderman. ealdorman, or aldernwn, which appellation signified literally elderman. Like the Roman senator, he was so called, not on account of his age, but because of his wisdom and dignity, non propter oetatem sed propter sapientism et dignitatem. He presided with the bishop at the scyregemote, and was, ex officio, a member of the witenagemote. At one time he was a military officer, but afterwards his office was purely judicial.
     4. There were several kinds of aldermen, as king's aldermen, aldermen of all England, aldermen of the county, aldermen of the hundred, &c., to denote difference of rank and jurisdiction.

References in periodicals archive ?
ALD is a Spanish debt collection service company, which subject to completion of the acquisition, will serve as a platform investment to enter the Spanish debt collection services market and as a platform for purchasing debt portfolios, primarily from financial institutions in Spain.
Typical SEM images of dyed polyamide/aramide blend fabrics before and after ALD coatings are shown in Fig.
For the surface-treated samples without an ALD coating, the surface energies were measured within 24 h of the treatments, and the ALD coatings were deposited within 20 days of them.
They are also useful for ALD because they exhibit self-limiting reactivity with molecular hydrogen to form metal films and with water vapor to form metal oxide films.
In addition, regular checks are carried out for user posts about ALD through Google Alerts.
ALD coatings are thin, conformal and pinhole-free, and they closely follow the contours of the coated material.
ALD is caused by a mutation of the ABCD1 gene and has been mapped to chromosome Xq28.
ASM has been a pioneer in ALD for many years and owns a substantial patent portfolio, including ALD patents and patentsrelating to batch ALD processing in a vertical furnace.
ALD is an emerging technology that is rapidly being adopted in hi-tech industries including electronics and communications.
NORDIC BUSINESS REPORT-24 November 2005-Nordea to form joint venture with ALD Automotive(C)1994-2005 M2 COMMUNICATIONS LTD http://www.