Alderman

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ALDERMAN. An officer, generally appointed or elected in towns corporate, or cities, possessing various powers in different places.
     2. The aldermen of the cities of Pennsylvania, possess all the powers and jurisdictions civil and criminal of justices of the peace. They are besides, in conjunction with the respective mayors or recorders, judges of the mayor's courts.
     3. Among the Saxons there was an officer called the ealderman. ealdorman, or aldernwn, which appellation signified literally elderman. Like the Roman senator, he was so called, not on account of his age, but because of his wisdom and dignity, non propter oetatem sed propter sapientism et dignitatem. He presided with the bishop at the scyregemote, and was, ex officio, a member of the witenagemote. At one time he was a military officer, but afterwards his office was purely judicial.
     4. There were several kinds of aldermen, as king's aldermen, aldermen of all England, aldermen of the county, aldermen of the hundred, &c., to denote difference of rank and jurisdiction.

References in periodicals archive ?
We have notched ALD's Long-Term IDR down once from SocGen's Long-Term IDR.
The intrinsically biocompatible ALD technology creates the highest quality coatings and hermetic encapsulation around the coated implant.
Her dad was diagnosed with the adult form of ALD, called AMN, when she was around 19.
NOK 28m (or EUR 3m) of the NOK 120m in cash consideration was payable subject to the 2015 performance of ALD.
Picosun's ALD technology is well-established in production of high quality dielectrics for various microelectronic industry applications.
Under pressure from Ald Hodgkinson, Morrison admitted that he had grounded all the RAF night fighter squadrons to protect London.
The formation of [Al.sub.2][O.sub.3] and Ti[O.sub.2] coatings on dyed polyamide/aramide blend fabrics was carried out in a commercial hotwall closed chamber-type ALD reactor (Savannah system from Cambridge Nanotech) utilizing [N.sub.2] as a precursor carrier and purging gas at a pressure of 3 Torr according to the literature report [15].
A few established risk factors for ALD have been documented in the literature.
The grass roots campaign was led by three mothers and advocates affected by ALD, two of whom have lost children to the disease: Patti Chapman of The Myelin Project, Gina Cousineau of Be a Hero Become a Donor Foundation, and Janis Sherwood of Fight ALD.
In this study, we have investigated the thin film (ALD) coatability of BOPP film by depositing [Al.sub.2][O.sub.3] coatings to improve the oxygen barrier properties of the material.
Medical evidence shows that alcoholic liver disease (ALD) is the second most common reason for liver transplantation in the US and Europe.