A Posteriori

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A Posteriori

[Latin, From the effect to the cause.]

A posteriori describes a method of reasoning from given, express observations or experiments to reach and formulate general principles from them. This is also called inductive reasoning.

See: analytical, discursive
References in periodicals archive ?
The abductive reasoning within this study is hermeneutic in that it is a report of my interpretation of the informants' status updates through Lawrence's (2005) lens.
This exercise is the fundamental requirement of abductive reasoning as appropriate to the practitioner.
To implement learning environments such as the OME, there is a need for tools that support abductive reasoning.
When placed within the context of a dual-process framework, abductive reasoning might work either to further associative intuitions or to restrain them, depending both on the cognitive complexity of the case and the extent to which the fact finder is motivated to either defend or resist her own intuitions.
Arguably, progressive focusing based on abductive reasoning can be seen as an intuitive, subjective and interpretive activity (Bringer et al.
Military logisticians should aspire to understand the value of both qualitative and quantitative research, the limits of using applied science techniques in logistics, and the importance of appreciating when to employ abductive reasoning (better for high-VUCA situations) instead of deductive or inductive reasoning (better for low-to-moderate-VUCA situations).
Virtue perspectivism admits also perception and introspection along with intuition and deduction, as well as inductive and abductive reasoning (Sosa 1997, p.
relate the concept of musical meaning to the notion of abductive reasoning as described in the pragmatics of C.
The software, named SCARE (Spatio-Cultural Abductive Reasoning Engine) allows human analysts to combine available intelligence with this analytical computational technique to identify the most probable locations of IED weapons caches.
Chapter 3--on design thinking-introduces abductive reasoning, "which drives the intuitive spark that leaps across the gap separating the world as it is from the world as it might be.
In summarizing his interview with Martin, Dunne (2006) suggests that a designer's approach includes: (1) an expectation of, and, therefore, a can-do attitude about, "wicked" problems, often including constraints which, Martin (2006) argues, even serve as a source of inspiration; (2) idea generation, or abductive reasoning, in addition to the deductive and inductive reasoning used in business thinking; and (3) interactive skills, especially collaboration and empathy, most often with respect to peers and consumers.
Different kinds of reasoning arise from diverse disciplines related to mathematics education such as philosophy, psychology and mathematics: Inductive reasoning, deductive reasoning, abductive reasoning, plausible reasoning, and transformational reasoning are some of them (Harel & Sowder, 1998; Lithner, 2000; Peirce, 1918; Simon, 1996).